Country Analysis

Topics: People's Republic of China, Republic of China, China Pages: 13 (3273 words) Published: July 16, 2014
Country Analysis of the People’s Republic of China
The purpose of this analysis is to highlight key factors that affect and create the People’s Republic of China (PRC). The PRC is a dynamic environment that is in the midst of transition with respect to its legal structure and economy. It is also showing signs that changes are on the horizon for its culture and political landscape. In this analysis we will focus primarily on the current forces at work within China while also taking brief glimpses at China’s past and future. Of the many internal forces that shape a country, the focus of this analysis will be on the political, legal, economic, and ethical environments. We will also discuss China’s complex social and cultural aspects. Lastly, we will look at various market analyses depicting market opportunities, business prospects and business recommendations. These topics will work together to describe China’s evolving narrative and show the interrelation and dependency that each topic has on the other. II. POLITICAL- LEGAL- ECONOMIC – ETHICAL ENVIRONMENTS

a. Political
The People’s Republic of China (PRC) has a single party leadership. The Communist Party of China (CPC) has been the governing body for the last 60 years. With the CPC’s 80 million plus membership base it has become the largest political party in the world and continues to dominate China’s political landscape. Under the leadership of the CPC, China employs a multi-party cooperation system. “The system means that the CPC is the only party in power in the People's Republic of China while under the precondition of accepting the leadership of the CPC, the eight other political parties participate in the discussion and management of state affairs, in cooperation with the CPC.” ( The political discussion involving the other eight political parties is carried out through a process involving political consultations, in which they take part in the conversation before any new policies are decided upon. The centralized power of the Chinese government gives great power to its leaders, which makes it highly susceptible to the will of its leaders. A side effect of this power was on display during the term of the former president, Mao Ze Dong. “When Mao Ze Dong was just a small general in the Communist army, he was well liked by all. By the time he became Chairman and President of China, he completely changed and showed his true self – a cruel, sadistic leader who would kill millions of his own people for his own political purposes.” (Tony) b. Legal

The Chinese legal system is a socialist system based in civil law. The current constitution of the PRC was established in 1982 and is considered the supreme law of the land. China’s decentralized court system allows for many issues to be solved at the Grass-roots level, the first level in their court system. While this decentralization is positive for the court system there are many negatives. At the top of the list is the lack of effective safe-guards to protect judges from external and internal forces. Many of the court’s rulings are a result of pressure from senior officials and other powerful individuals and/or organization. This corruption has effectively made the Chinese legal system ineffective. Additionally, China’s legal system suffers from a lack of both qualified judges and lawyers. Although, there have been great strides as of late to dismiss unqualified judges from a replace them with college graduates who have passed a standard examination. The ratio of lawyers to people stands at 1:10,000, a stark contrast to the U.S. which has a ratio of 1:550. (Biggs) The corruption of judicial system by the CPC, the lack of qualified judges and lack of lawyers all lead to a system that severely favors the powerful while limiting the voice of its people. c. Economic

Since 1986, the Chinese government has increasingly pursued an “open door” economic policy. As a result, China has become...

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“Uneven Ground”
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