Kenya Association of Professional Counsellors
School of Counselling Studies
MA IN COUNSELLING STUDIES
Please fill in all details and attach to every assignment you complete.
Dorcas Adoyo Mwinda
Date of Submission: 30th October 2009
Assignment: (please tick appropriate box)
Module 1‘Exploration in Counselling’
Module 2: ‘Understanding in Counselling’
Module 3: ‘Integration in Counselling’
Module 4: Practicum
Module 5 ‘Research Methods’
Module 6 ‘Dissertation’
Title of Assignment: The Appropriateness of Person centered Approach in Sub-Saharan Africa Comments: (please tick appropriate box)
First Internal Examiner
Second External Examiner
Second Internal Examiner
Level (MA/PG Dip)
Name of Examiner:
TABLE OF CONTENTS
What is person centred Approach
View of Human nature
Unconditional Positive Regard
Concepts exposed in person- centred Approach
Values exposed in person centred approach
Effectiveness of Person Centred Approach in Sub-Saharan Africa
Counselling has been perceived as an advice in many sub- Saharan African countries and also the fact that there are many counselling approaches which are used; it has even become more confusing for people to understand. But due to different experiences we face in African countries like tribal clashes, culture differences, Poverty, political instability, racism, unemployment, HIV/AIDS and many others counselling was introduced from the western culture to provide healing to the affected and infected people, and thus person centred approach was adopted because it helps deal with individual feelings, which would help the readjust back to the surrounding both literally and psychologically. Person centred approach is one among the other counselling approaches used in sessions which I am sure that it is not well known in sub Saharan African. In this paper, I am going to going to discuss on the relevance of person centred approach in sub- Saharan African and also examining in Kenyan concept. In summing up I shall give my conclusion on what I think or feel about the topic am writing about.
WHAT IS PERSON CENTRED APPROACH?
Person centred approach championed by Carl Rogers in the 1930s and 1940s. This approach assist clients to listen to their feelings and inner voices and in doing so clients can learn to do better in their own, (Nelson, 2001). Since we are aware what it is all about then the question is ‘how does it view human beings”?
VIEW OF HUMAN NATURE
Rogers (1961) says that person centred approach view human beings as having the ability to steer the course of their lives, if offered in a relationship the core conditions. Rogers (1967) also states that to be self which one is truly is, is more than an attainable goal of person centred therapy, but a key aspect in the process of becoming a fully functioning person. I do agree with Rogers because, this therapy does not allow a client to talk about others but brings the client to self and dealing with what is affect him or her now. In person centred approach human nature is seen as basically social so that human beings are by nature protective, caring, compassionate and understanding towards each other, (Mearns et al. 1988).He argues that the dependence of human infants and interdepence of adults’ points in the same direction as does the inmate capacity to infer imaginatively the experience of others. According to Bozarth et al. (1986) person centred approach has the belief that all human beings have within them the innate capacity to grow towards their own unique fulfilment (or to move towards self actualisation). I personally...
References: Bozarth, J. and Temaner Brodley B. (1986). The core conditions and Theory of the person centred. Chicago; Praegers.
Corey, G. (2001). Theory and Practice of counselling and Psychotherapy ( 6th Edn). Australia; Brooks/ Cole.
Covey, S.R. (1989). The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People. London: WsBook- well.
D’ardenne,P.and Mahtani,A. (1989) Transcultural Counselling in Action (2nd edt) (ed) Windy,D, Counselling in Action.London:Sage.
Kirschenbaum, H. and Henderson, V. L. (1989).the Carl Rogers’s reader. London; British Library Press.
Len Holdstock, T. (2000). Re-examining psychology: Critical Perspective and African Insight. London; Routledge.
Markus, H.R. and Kitayama, S. (1991). Culture and the self: Implications for cognition, emotion and Motivation psychological view.
Mearns, D. and Thorne, B. (1988). Person centred Counselling in Action (2nd Edn). London; Sage
Rogers, C. R. (1951). Client –centred Therapy: Its Current Practice, Implications and Theory. Boston; Houghton Mifflin.
Rogers, C. R. (1967). The condition of change from a client view point. Cited in Buenson and R. Carkhuff (Ed) Sources of gain in counselling and psychotherapy. Newyork; Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
Rogers,C.R. (1959). A theory of Therapy, Personality and Interpersonal Relationship as Developed in the client Centred Framework. In S. Koch (Ed) Psychology: A study of science. Newyork; McGraw-Hill
Rowan, J. (1983). The Reality Game: A Gide to Humanistic Counselling and Psychotherapy (2nd Edn). London; Routledge and Kegan Paul plc.
Thorne, B. (1991). Person- Centred Counselling: therapeutic and Spiritual dimensions. London; Whurr.
Thorne, B. (2000). Carl Rogers. London; Sage.
Thorne, B. and Lambers, E. (1998). Person centred therapy. London; Sage
Van Kalmthout, M
Rogers, C.R. (1990a). The necessary and sufficient conditions of therapeutic personality change. In H. Kirschenbaum and V. L. Henderson (eds). The Carl Rogers Readers. Cambridge; Cambridge University Press.
Purton, C. (1994). The deep structure of the Core conditions: A Buddhist Perspective. Austria; Gmunden.
Green, C. D. (2002). Signifant Aspects of Client- Centred Therapy. http//psychalysis.york.ca/Rogers/Therapy.html (accessed 18/02/02).
Villas-Rose Bowen, M. (1984). Spirituality and Person Centerd Approach: Interconnectedness in the Universe and Psychotherapy. Mexico; Universal liberoamerican.
Vanaerschot, G. (1990). The Process of Empathy: Holding and letting go. In Lietaer, G Rombauts, J. And Van Balen, R. (Eds)Clients- Centerd and Experiental Pstchotherapy in the nineties. Belgium; Leuven University Press.
Owusu- Bempah, K and Howitt, D. (2000). Psychology beyond Western Perspectives. Leicester; BPS books ( The British Psychological Society).
Shorter, A. (1998). African Culture: An overview. Nairobi; Paulines Publications Africa.
Please join StudyMode to read the full document