Costa Rica

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Costa Rica
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For cities in other countries, see Costa Rica, Sinaloa and Costa Rica, Mato Grosso do Sul.
Republic of Costa Rica
República de Costa Rica (Spanish)

Flag
Coat of arms

Anthem: "Noble patria, tu hermosa bandera" (Spanish)
"Noble homeland, your beautiful flag" Capital and largest city San José 9°56′N 84°5′W

Official languages Spanish

Recognised regional languages • Mekatelyu • Bribri

Ethnic groups(2011[1])
• 65.8% White / Castizo
• 13.65% Mestizo
• 9.03% Immigrants
• 6.72% Mulatto
• 2.40% Amerindian
• 1.03% Black
• 0.21% Asian
• 0.88% other
Demonym
• Costa Rican • Tico

Government
Unitary presidentialconstitutional republic

- President
Laura Chinchilla

- 1st Vice-President
Alfio Piva

- 2nd Vice-President
Luis Liberman

Legislature Legislative Assembly

Independence declared - from Spain
September 15, 1821 - from Mexicoa
July 1, 1823 - from United Provinces of Central America
March 21, 1847 - Recognized by Spain May 10, 1850 - Constitution November 7, 1949[2]

Area

- Total 51,100 km2 (128th)
19,653 sq mi - Water (%) 0.7
Population

- 2011 census 4,301,712[3]

- Density 84[3]/km2 (107th)
220/sq mi
GDP (PPP)
2011 estimate - Total $55.021 billion[4]

- Per capita $11,927[4]

GDP (nominal)
2011 estimate - Total $40.947 billion[4]

- Per capita $8,876[4]

Gini (2009)
50[5] (medium)

HDI (2011)
0.744[6] (high / 69th)

Currency Costa Rican colón(CRC)

Time zone CST (UTC−6)

Drives on the Right
Calling code
+506

ISO 3166 code
CR

Internet TLD
.cr

a. First Mexican Empire.

Stone sphere created by the Diquis culture in the courtyard of the National Museum of Costa Rica. The sphere is the icon of the country's cultural identity.

Pre-Columbian ceramic incense burner with crocodile lid (500 - 1350 CE).
Costa Rica ( i/ˌkoʊstə ˈriːkə/, meaning "rich coast"

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