Costa Rica

Topics: Costa Rica, Central America, Latin America Pages: 24 (7744 words) Published: June 19, 2013
Costa Rica
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For cities in other countries, see Costa Rica, Sinaloa and Costa Rica, Mato Grosso do Sul. Republic of Costa Rica
República de Costa Rica (Spanish)

Flag
Coat of arms

Anthem: "Noble patria, tu hermosa bandera" (Spanish)
"Noble homeland, your beautiful flag"

Capital
and largest citySan José
9°56′N 84°5′W

Official languagesSpanish

Recognised regional languagesMekatelyu

Bribri

Ethnic groups(2011[1])
65.8% White / Castizo
13.65% Mestizo
9.03% Immigrants
6.72% Mulatto
2.40% Amerindian
1.03% Black
0.21% Asian
0.88% other
Demonym
Costa Rican

Tico

Government
Unitary presidentialconstitutional republic

- President
Laura Chinchilla

- 1st Vice-President
Alfio Piva

- 2nd Vice-President
Luis Liberman

LegislatureLegislative Assembly

Independence declared
- from Spain
September 15, 1821
- from Mexicoa
July 1, 1823
- from United Provinces
of Central America
March 21, 1847
- Recognized by SpainMay 10, 1850
- ConstitutionNovember 7, 1949[2]

Area

- Total51,100 km2 (128th)
19,653 sq mi
- Water (%)0.7
Population

- 2011 census4,301,712[3]

- Density84[3]/km2 (107th)
220/sq mi
GDP (PPP)
2011 estimate
- Total$55.021 billion[4]

- Per capita$11,927[4]

GDP (nominal)
2011 estimate
- Total$40.947 billion[4]

- Per capita$8,876[4]

Gini (2009)
50[5] (medium)

HDI (2011)
0.744[6] (high / 69th)

CurrencyCosta Rican colón(CRC)

Time zoneCST (UTC−6)

Drives on theRight
Calling code
+506

ISO 3166 code
CR

Internet TLD
.cr

a.First Mexican Empire.

Stone sphere created by the Diquis culture in the courtyard of the National Museum of Costa Rica. The sphere is the icon of the country's cultural identity.

Pre-Columbian ceramic incense burner with crocodile lid (500 - 1350 CE). Costa Rica ( i/ˌkoʊstə ˈriːkə/, meaning "rich coast" in Spanish), officially theRepublic of Costa Rica (Spanish: Costa Rica or República de Costa Rica,pronounced: [reˈpuβlika ðe ˈkosta ˈrika]), is a country in Central America, bordered byNicaragua to the north, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the west, and theCaribbean Sea to the east. Costa Rica constitutionally abolished its army permanently in 1949.[7][8][9] It is the only Latin American country in the list of the world's 22 older democracies.[10] Costa Rica has consistently been among the top Latin American countries in the Human Development Index (HDI), ranked 69th in the world in 2011.[6] Costa Rica was cited by the United Nations United Nations Development Programme(UNDP) in 2010 as one of the countries that have attained much higher human development than other countries at the same income levels,[11] and in 2011 was highlighted by UNDP for being a good performer on environmental sustainability and having a better record on human development and inequality than the median of their region. It was also the only country to meet all five criteria established to measure environmental sustainability.[6] The country is ranked fifth in the world, and first among the Americas, in terms of the 2012 Environmental Performance Index.[12] In 2007, the Costa Rican government announced plans for Costa Rica to become the firstcarbon-neutral country by 2021.[13][14][15] The New Economics Foundation (NEF) ranked Costa Rica first in its 2009 Happy Planet Index, and once again in 2012.[16][17] The NEF also ranked Costa Rica in 2009 as the greenest country in the world.[18] In 2012 Costa Rica became the first country in the American continent to ban recreational hunting after the country’s legislature approved the popular measure by a wide margin.[19][20] History

Main article: History of Costa Rica
Pre-Columbian period
Historians have classified the indigenous people of Costa Rica as belonging to the Intermediate Area, where the peripheries of the Mesoamerican and...
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