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For cities in other countries, see Costa Rica, Sinaloa and Costa Rica, Mato Grosso do Sul. Republic of Costa Rica
República de Costa Rica (Spanish)
Coat of arms
Anthem: "Noble patria, tu hermosa bandera" (Spanish)
"Noble homeland, your beautiful flag"
and largest city
Recognised regional languages
65.8% White / Castizo
Unitary presidentialconstitutional republic
September 15, 1821
July 1, 1823
from United Provinces
of Central America
March 21, 1847
Recognized by Spain
May 10, 1850
November 7, 1949
51,100 km2 (128th)
19,653 sq mi
0.744 (high / 69th)
Costa Rican colón(CRC)
Drives on the
ISO 3166 code
First Mexican Empire.
Stone sphere created by the Diquis culture in the courtyard of the National Museum of Costa Rica. The sphere is the icon of the country's cultural identity.
Pre-Columbian ceramic incense burner with crocodile lid (500 - 1350 CE). Costa Rica ( i/ˌkoʊstə ˈriːkə/, meaning "rich coast" in Spanish), officially theRepublic of Costa Rica (Spanish: Costa Rica or República de Costa Rica,pronounced: [reˈpuβlika ðe ˈkosta ˈrika]), is a country in Central America, bordered byNicaragua to the north, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the west, and theCaribbean Sea to the east. Costa Rica constitutionally abolished its army permanently in 1949. It is the only Latin American country in the list of the world's 22 older democracies. Costa Rica has consistently been among the top Latin American countries in the Human Development Index (HDI), ranked 69th in the world in 2011. Costa Rica was cited by the United Nations United Nations Development Programme(UNDP) in 2010 as one of the countries that have attained much higher human development than other countries at the same income levels, and in 2011 was highlighted by UNDP for being a good performer on environmental sustainability and having a better record on human development and inequality than the median of their region. It was also the only country to meet all five criteria established to measure environmental sustainability. The country is ranked fifth in the world, and first among the Americas, in terms of the 2012 Environmental Performance Index. In 2007, the Costa Rican government announced plans for Costa Rica to become the firstcarbon-neutral country by 2021. The New Economics Foundation (NEF) ranked Costa Rica first in its 2009 Happy Planet Index, and once again in 2012. The NEF also ranked Costa Rica in 2009 as the greenest country in the world. In 2012 Costa Rica became the first country in the American continent to ban recreational hunting after the country’s legislature approved the popular measure by a wide margin. History
Main article: History of Costa Rica
Historians have classified the indigenous people of Costa Rica as belonging to the Intermediate Area, where the peripheries of the Mesoamerican and...
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