Cosmological Arguement

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The cosmological argument is a collection of arguments for the existence of God, based on the fact of the world’s existence. It was first posited by famous Greek philosophers, Plato and Aristotle. They postulated the need for a craftsman for the universe and began their argument with the fact of motion. The basis of the argument state that the universe cannot cause itself, as nothing can come into existence out of nothing. Therefore the universe has to have a cause and that cause must be God. This argument is therefore a pasteriori as it explains how the universe must have a cause. There is also an Arabic form of the augment called the Kalam which was put forward by Al Ghazali and Al Khindi in the 10th century. They argued that the universe has a begging and therefore an end. These ideas led to the formation of the cosmological argument put forward by St. Aquinas in the 12th century.
St. Aquinas was a Dominican priest, an influential philosopher and a theologian. In his famous book, the Summa Theologica, he explains the classical five ways to prove the existence of God. The first of his ways is motion. Aquinas said that everything that moves is moved by something and that mover must also be moved by something else. However, you cannot have an infinite chain of movers or else there would be no reason for movement to begin, and so, there must be an unmoved mover that is producing movement in everything without itself being moved. That mover may be seen as God. Aquinas’ second way is causation, he explains that everything has a cause and every cause has its own cause. You cannot have an infinite

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