Corruption in Nigeria

Topics: Nigeria, Olusegun Obasanjo, President of Nigeria / Pages: 41 (10092 words) / Published: May 14th, 2012
DISCUSSION PAPER

Anti-Corruption was the declared number one policy aim of the Olusegun Obasanjo administration. The success of this policy was, however, for various reasons not too impressive. Obasanjo 's successor, President Umaru Yar 'Adua came to power promising to reform and continue the anti-corruption policy. But while the anti-graft agencies continued to arrest and arraign more individuals, including highly placed officials, for corruption, the general public expressed the view that the fight against corruption became increasingly inefficient under Yar 'Adua. This paper shows that the positive measures taken by the Yar 'Adua government were overshadowed by other observed lapses. The first one has been that the government was patronizing some ex-public officials accused of corruption by the EFCC, especially former governors, who played key roles in his election. Secondly, Yar 'Adua also presided over the purge and persecution of popular anticorruption crusaders, especially Nuhu Rubadu, the former chairman of the EFCC. Thirdly, President Yar 'Adu was not forceful enough, notably in his speeches, with his anti-corruption program. For the incoming administration, the paper recommends to make anti-corruption a strong priority and to reduce political intereference in the work of anti-corruption agencies.

Foreword “Nigerians agree that corruption in public life, which was pronounced under military rule, has reached alarmingly pandemic proportions, and should now be a matter of very serious and pressing public policy concern.” Unfortunately, the often-quoted statement by the Oputa Panel is still relevant today, many years after the drafting of the report. Corruption is recognized as a grave national problem. Virtually all sectors of policy and society are affected by it. It hampers or interrupts the delivery of basic services to the people, disrupts education and endangers the safety and security of every single citizen. Corruption is a problem in Nigeria,



Bibliography: Bello-Imam I. B., The War Agaisnt Corruption in Nigeria: Problems and Prospects, Ibadan, College Press & Publishers, 2005. Belgore Madibo Alfa Salihu, « The Court Procedures and Justice, Corruption and Politics », in The Guardian, August 21, 2007. Enweremadu U. D, The Struggle Against Corruption in Nigeria: The Role of the ICPC, in IFRA Ibadan Special Research Issue, Vol. 2, 2006. p.41-66 Enweremadu, U. D, Lutte anti-corruption et politique au Nigeria sous la quatrième République :1999-2006, Centre d‟Etudes d‟Afrique noire/Institut d 'Etudes Politiques de Bordeaux, Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV, Bordeaux, (PhD dissertation). 2006. Federal Government of Nigeria, Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999, Abuja, 1999. Fredrik Galtung and Jeremy Pope, “The Global Coalition against Corruption: Evaluating Transparency International”, in Andreas Schedler et al, The Self Restraining State: Power and Accountability in New Democracies, Colorado, Lynne Rienner Publishers Inc., 1999. Haarhuis K. Carolien, Promoting Anti-Corruption Reforms: Evaluating the Implementation of a World Bank Anti-Corruption Program in Seven African Countries (1999-2001), Wageningen, Posen & Looijen b.v. Printers, 2005. Khan M.H., “A Typology of Corrupt Transactions in Developing Countries”, IDS Bulletin: 27(2), 1996. pp. 12-21 Klitgaard Robert, Controlling Corruption, University of California Press, Berkeley, 1988. Magbadelo, J. O., Nigeria’s Transition to Democracy and Development: Contributions of the Obasanjo Administration, Ibadan, Spectrum Books Limited, 2006. Independent Corrupt Practices and Other Related Offences Commission, Progress Report: September 2000-July 2005, Abuja, 2006. Independent Corrupt Practices and Other Related Offences Commission, Annual Report 2006, Abuja, 2006. Independent Corrupt Practices and Other Related Offences Commission, 20007 Annual Report, Abuja, 2007. Independent Corrupt Practices and Other Related Offences Commission, Annual Report 2008, Abuja, 2008. 27 Our Milestone (A special publication of Nigeria‟s Economic and Financial Crimes Commission), Vol. 1, No1 May, 2010. p.14. Ribadu Nuhu, “Combatting Money Laundering in Emerging Economies: Nigeria as a Case Study”, Guest Lecture Series, Financial Institutions Training Centre/Nigerian Institute of International Affaires, Lagos, August 10, 2006. Transparency International, http://www.transparency.org. Corruption Perception Index: 1999-2007, Berlin: Ukwuoma Ben et al, “Raising the Stakes in the Fight against Corruption in the Country”, The Guardian, July 11, 2008. ICPC Monitor, Vol. 1 Issue 5, August-October 2008. The Eagle Watch (Newsletter of the EFCC Training and Research Institute), Vol 2. No 5 January 2008, Zero Tolerance (The Magazine of the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission), Vol. 3 N° 2, August, 2008. Nigerian Dailies: ThisDay, May 20th, 2008; ThisDay August 6, 2008; Thisday, July 25, 2005; The Nation, July 25, 2005; Nigerian Tribune, July 10, 2009; The Nation, December 28, 2007; ThisDay, May 15 2008; The Nation, June 27, 2008; The News, December 8, 2008; The Punch, September 18, 2007; The Punch, September 3, 2007; The Punch, January 16, 2008; The Punch, December 10, 2008; The Guardian (Lagos), May 10, 1999. 28 Dr. David Uchenna Enweremadu is a lecturer in Political Science at the Department of Political Science, University of Ibadan. He is specialized in Public Administration and Nigeria‟s Anti-Corruption Efforts. His email is uchennadave@yahoo.com ISBN 29

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