Civil service of a country generally includes all permanent functionaries of government which distinctly excludes defence service, although some civil servants work in defense ministry and its various departments. A member of civil service is not also a holder of political or judicial office. The civil servants of a state collectively called civil service.
Recruitment is the process of searching for prospective employees and stimulating them to apply for jobs in the organization (Flippo and Edwin 1984: 141). Broadly, there are two major methods for recruitment to civil service:
(a) merit system through competitive examination and
(b) spoils system.
Under the typical civil service law, the central personnel agency commonly called Public Service Commission is responsible to conduct competitive examination. Spoils system (also known as a patronage system) is an informal practice where a political party, after winning an election, gives government jobs to its voters as a reward for working towards victory, and as an incentive to keep working for the party—as opposed to a system of awarding offices on the basis of merit, independent of political activity.
Civil Service in Bangladesh
Government employees in Bangladesh are vertically belonging to four categories, namely Class 1 Officers, Class 11 Officers, Class 111 employees and Class 1V employees. The officers are also classified as gazetted officers and non-gazetted officers. The officers whose appointment, posting, transfer, promotion and the similar are notified in government gazette, they are known as gazetted officers. All Class 1 officers and some of the Class 11 officers are treated as gazetted officers. Of the Class 1 officers, some belong to the cadre services.
The Bangladesh Public Service Commission: An Overview
������ Constitutional Mandate: Article 137-141 of the Constitution of Bangladesh ������ Legal Mandates: President Order No. 34 (on May 9, 1972),