Coronary Heart Disease

Topics: Atherosclerosis, Myocardial infarction, Artery Pages: 3 (1025 words) Published: April 11, 2014
Coronary Heart Disease:
1) Explain in detail what Coronary Heart disease is.
Coronary heart disease is where plaque builds up in the coronary arteries which supply oxygen rich blood to the heart. The plaque narrows the coronary arteries which reduces the amount of blood flow of the heart. This may lead to further medical problems like heart attacks and even lead to death. 2) What are the risk factors for coronary heart disease? (what increases your risk for coronary heart disease) Age: Getting older increases risk of damaged and narrowed arteries. Gender: Men are generally at greater risk of coronary artery disease. However, the risk for women increases after menopause. Family history: A family history of heart disease is associated with a higher risk of coronary artery disease Smoking: Nicotine constricts blood vessels, and carbon monoxide can damage their inner lining, making them more susceptible to atherosclerosis. High blood pressure: Uncontrolled high blood pressure can result in hardening and thickening of arteries, narrowing the channel through which blood can flow. High blood cholesterol levels: High levels of cholesterol in blood can increase the risk of formation of plaques and atherosclerosis. Diabetes: Diabetes is associated with an increased risk of coronary artery disease, both conditions share similar risk factors. Obesity: Excess weight typically worsens other risk factors. Physical inactivity: Lack of exercise also is associated with coronary artery disease and some of its risk factors, as well. High stress: Unrelieved stress in life may damage arteries as well as worsen other risk factors for coronary artery disease. 3) What are the signs and symptoms of coronary heart disease? Angina—Pressure or squeezing pain in the chest

Shortness of breath—Occurs when the condition causes heart failure which makes the heart pump not enough blood to meet the body’s need. Fluid builds up in the lungs, making it difficult to breath. Arrhythmia—Heart skip...
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