Coronary artery disease is also known as atherosclerosis disease, coronary heart disease, or ischemic heart disease. It is the most common type of heart disease. It is the leading cause of deaths in the U.S in both men and women. When plaque builds up, they harden and narrow your coronary arteries, decreasing blood flow to your heart. The lack of blood flow can lead to chest pain, shortness of breath, or other coronary artery disease signs and symptoms. A complete blockage can cause a heart attack. The buildup of plaque occurs over many years. Coronary artery disease often develops over decades going unnoticed, until you have a heart attack. There are many things that you can do to prevent and treat coronary artery disease. This disease often affects adults of both sexes over the age of 40. It is less common in women before menopause. (H. Winter Griffith, 2012) Signs and symptoms of coronary artery disease are usually found in the advanced stage of the disease. Most individuals with coronary artery disease show no evidence of this disease for years, as the disease develops before the first arrival of symptoms. As the plaque continues to build up in your coronary arteries, you may start feeling some of the signs and symptoms, including: 1. Chest pain also known as angina. You may feel burning, squeezing, heaviness, tightness, or pressure in the chest that could extend to the left arm, neck, jaw, or shoulder blade. 2. Irregular heart rate.
3. Shortness of breath. If your heart can not pump enough blood to meet your body’s needs, you may feel extremely fatigued. Exercising and lying down could also be a reason for getting shortness of breath. While sleeping, prop up on pillows. 4. Swelling of feet or ankles.
5. Heart attack. A completely blocked coronary artery may cause a heart attack. The signs and symptoms of a heart attack include pressure in your chest and pain in your shoulder or arm. (Staff, 2014) In the United States, coronary artery disease (CAD)...
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