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Topics: Christianity, Christology, Trinity Pages: 4 (1365 words) Published: October 11, 2013
Outline the principal beliefs regarding the divinity and humanity of Jesus Christ - The Christological controversies of the fourth and fifth centuries were debates regarding the nature of Christ, and in particular the issue of his humanity versus his divinity

- Docetism is a position which undermines the integrity of the humanity of Jesus because it claims that Jesus is fully divine but not truly human, because he is God merely adopting the appearance of being human

- Arianism is the belief that Jesus is superior to the rest of creation but not equal to God because Jesus was created by God and thus is not eternal unlike God - The Council of Nicaea in 325 was called to fight against Arianism. The Council developed the Nicene Creed which stats that the Father and the Son are of one essence and hence Jesus is fully divine. The Council of Constantinople reaffirmed this decision - Nestorius undermined the unity of Jesus by claiming that Mary was the Mother of the human Jesus but not the divine Jesus, to suggest that there were two persons within Jesus

Explain the importance of the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ for Christians - Christians have traditionally believed that Jesus died for our sins - This belief has given rise to some questionable explanations like the idea that God would be appeased with the execution of an innocent person - This belief has given rise to some questionable explanations like the idea that God would be appeased with the execution of an innocent person - Other ways of appreciating the importance of the death of Jesus include seeing the death of Jesus as evidence of the unconditional love of God, or seeing Jesus' selflessness even unto death as a model for discipleship - Whilst Jesus' resurrection and ascension are depicted slightly differently in the Gospels of John and Luke, both stress the importance of the resurrection as carrying the meaning of eternal life that overcomes the limitations of human mortality

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