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Smoking During Pregnancy
By krysene, march 2009 | 2 Pages (257 Words) | 3 Views |
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The importance of smoke-free environments for a developing fetus and for children is widely recognized. Many authors have shown multiple adverse effects of future parents’ smoking on pregnancy outcomes, including the health of babies and children (Andres and Day, 2000; Brook, Brook and Whiteman, 2000; Cornelius, Leech, Goldschmidt and Day, 2000; Haustein, 1999; Kallen, 2000a; Kallen, 2000b; Landau, 2001; Pastrakuljic, Derewlany and Koren, 1999).
Pregnancy influences smoking patterns and is an opportune time for the promotion of a smoke-free environment (Ford, Wild, Glen, Price and Wilson, 1993). Many studies in different countries have examined the possible predictors of smoking cessation during or prior to pregnancy. Most conclude that the mothers’ education, age, parity (O’Campo, Faden, Brown and Gielen, 1992) and number of cigarettes smoked are the best predictors of smoking cessation prior to or during pregnancy (Eriksson et al., 1998; Jane et al., 2000; Madeley, Gillies, Power and Symonds, 1989). However, living with a smoking partner and other socio-economic characteristics are often found to predict continuation of smoking during pregnancy. A number of papers describe methods for promoting smoking cessation in pregnancy and the preconditions for their effectiveness (Carrion, Maya, Pont, Tortajada and Marin, 2003; Lawrence, Aveyard, Evans, and Cheng, 2003). Although the problem is well recognized by the international medical community, the situation in...
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