Conversational Implicature

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RESEARCH PROPOSAL

A PRAGMATIC ANALYSIS OF CONVERSATIONAL IMPLICATURE
USED BY THE MAIN CHARACTERS IN GUY RITCHIE’S
SHERLOCK HOLMES (2009)

[pic]

By:
Ratih Santi Mianawati
08211141027

ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE STUDY PROGRAM
FACULTY OF LANGUAGES AND ARTS
YOGYAKARTA STATE UNIVERSITY
2011
1. Title of Research : A Pragmatic Analysis of Conversational Implicature used by the Main Characters in Guy Ritchie’s Sherlock Holmes (2009) Personal identity : a. Name/St. Number : Ratih Santi Mianawati/08211141027 b. Study Program : English Language and Literature

2. Introduction a. Background of Study Many phenomena happen in daily life. One of them is communication. People spend much more time communicating than they realize. However, they sometimes do not aware that when they communicate they reveal something deeper through their utterances. These utterances might be in the form of long sentences or short sentences. The meaning of each utterance depends on listener’s interpretation. One speaker may utter something, but the two listeners may have different interpretations related to such utterance. Understanding how the process of communication works is equally important with having good communication skill. It often happens that what is meant contains something deeper than what is said. Therefore, although someone says something in a short utterance, the meaning can go beyond that. The utterance which a speaker chooses can also depend on a particular context and the listener should interpret that utterance. There is an expectation that both participants of communication have the same thought about what actually they talk about. Cooperation is needed in this case. A speaker can actually say A but he or she prefers to choose B although these two utterances has the same meaning. The implied meaning in what the speaker says is important to get the same end between the speaker and the

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