Controlling Organized Crime
Research & Analysis in Homeland Security
December 23, 2013
Controlling Organized Crime
What is the Homeland Security research question? The Homeland Security research question is identifying the basic information we are seeking in a research project. This research question is a question that in every research the basis question is asked and can be answered throughout the research being conducted in Homeland Security. If this basic question is asked before the research is started then the objective of the specific research will answer itself and would give the individual a starting point after he identifies what the research is about and gives him/her something to achieve while doing the research. All research needs some good hypothesis questions and in this research my first question would be how do we determine or provide suggestions about how to control organized crime you must first understand what it is? It is a network of people who work together to usually make monetary gains and assist each other in their criminal activities. This is what is known as organized crime in the World. Another one would be why organized crime has a vibrant history in America’s past and it is currently present in society? Back in what they would call the good old day’s organized crime groups focused their crimes to a certain targeted areas while in today’s society organized crime groups is both national and global problems. They structure their illegal networks after the hierarchal structure of the traditional organization and run businesses that disguise their illegal deeds behind a mask of legitimacy. These organizations had increased drastically during the prohibition of the early days and became a part of the Western society. The rapid urbanization of most major cities has provided the atmosphere needed for organized crime to thrive. The considerable population within the major cities have provide a critical mass of criminal, customers, and victims and thus the facilitation of the development of profitable markets in prohibited goods and services. Lawmakers have begun to make available the legislation to control organized crime activities and started to reduce the threat from the American society. There have been many laws like the (RICO) Racketeer Influence and Corrupt Organization that has been placed and enforced to assist law enforcement officials and help prevent these activities. As hard as law enforcement tries the technological advancements of criminals have created modernized crime methods that have created international problems. Currently organized crime organization is not confined to a certain area and has the means for an international reach if they need to. They can also generate a more potent threat to society as well as causing a wider range of criminal activity. Using existing statistics organized crime organization is structured in a bureaucratic manner in which there is a hierarchal structure to the group beginning with something like a criminal boss, their advisors and confidants, captains, and soldiers. There is a very clear chain of command to be followed and an administrative action must be cleared before a low ranking member can perform an act. There is another model of which organized crime follows and it is called the patron client crime group. With this criminal organization group the organization is also structured in a hierarchal manner with the same type leadership ranking but with one major difference; lower ranking members of the group in the patron client model can act without first receiving permission from the upper command. As with both of these organizations the primary goal to be obtained is to infiltrate legitimate social process in order to hide their illegal activities behind a front of legitimacy. Both types of criminal organizations use violence and coercion as well as take...
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