| Contributions of Egyptian Civilization | March 28, 2015
Since it’s unification to its conquest by Alexander the Great, ancient Egypt was the Mediterranean world preeminent civilization for almost 30 centuries. From the colossal pyramids of the Old Kingdom through the military triumphs of the New Kingdom, Egypt's loftiness has since quite a while ago enchanted archeologists and students of history and made a dynamic field of study all its own: Egyptology. The fundamental wellsprings of data about ancient Egypt are the numerous landmarks, articles and antiques that have been recouped from archeological sites, secured with symbolic representations that have just as of late been deciphered. It is easily said that the contributions of Egypt to the world civilization are noteworthy. From great inventions such as writing to less grand, yet still very popular creations such as eye makeup, one thing we do know is that the Egyptian civilization provided many contributions to the new world.
One of the main contributions the Egyptians left behind is the art of writing. At first, they were not acquainted with the alphabet but they still found ways through drawings to express their thoughts. This is how the form of expression often referred to as hieroglyph or sacred writing began. It wasn’t until a bit later that the Egyptians turned their approximately 2000-700 pictographic signs into “alphabets”. At last they created 24 alphabets and engraved them on stone. This stone is known as the Rosetta stone. It was written in three different scripts so that the rulers, priests and government officials could easily read it. It was many years later discovered in 1799 in a small village of Delta called Rosetta by French soldiers. Since the deciphering of this stone Egyptian civilization has been held responsible for the creation of the alphabet and therefore the beginning of writing. But where did they write on? How did we evolve from writing on stones to paper? We owe this transition to the Egyptians as well. On the Nile Banks there was a plant that grew plentiful, the Papyrus plant. Someone had the brilliant idea of joining together this plant and making a roll to write on. The modern name paper is perhaps taken from the term papyrus. But what would they write with? They took juice of plants and prepared ‘ink’ by mixing gum and water with it. They honed the edge of the stem of a plant and arranged 'reed pen'. By plunging the pen inside the 'ink pot' they wrote on Papyrus. Finally, bits of Papyrus were moved and saved inside the earthen pots. Writing was for sure an honorable creation of the Egyptians.
Now days we know lots about medicine. Thanks to great medical contributors such as Alexander Fleming and Hippocrates we have gotten to acquire the knowledge that today we have. However the Egyptians must be added to the list as possibly being the “fathers of medical science”. Of all their writings two medical books have been acquired from the Egyptians: the Edwin Smith papyrus and the Ebers papyrus. The Edwin Smith papyrus is the oldest known surgical treatise on trauma. The document describes 48 cases of injuries, dislocations, tumors, and wounds. Due to the cases mentioned it is speculated that this document may have been a manual of military surgery. Magic was a commonly used form of treatment back in those days. What distinguishes this papyrus from others is that it does not use magic as form of treatment; all the cures and surgical procedures are presented in a scientific and rational approach. The Ebers papyrus takes a different approach yet it is still considered one of the most important documents of medicine. The scroll contains herbal remedies and magical formulas. Additional to that one of the most interesting parts of this papyrus is the section they have on mental disorders such as those that we refer to as depression and dementia now. Speaking of medical discoveries and contributions the Egyptians could preserve...
References: Ancientegypt.co.uk,. (2015). Gods and Goddesses. Retrieved 27 March 2015, from http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/gods/home.html
Atteberry, J., & Kiger, P. (2015). 10 Amazing Ancient Egyptian Inventions - HowStuffWorks.HowStuffWorks. Retrieved 27 March 2015, from http://science.howstuffworks.com/innovation/inventions/5-amazing-ancient-egyptian-inventions.htm#page=1
Ghosh, B. (2015). Contribution of the Egyptian Civilization to the World Civilization.Historydiscussion.net. Retrieved 27 March 2015, from http://www.historydiscussion.net/world-history/contribution-of-the-egyptian-civilization-to-the-world-civilization/1844
HISTORY.com,. (2015). Ancient Egypt - Ancient History - HISTORY.com. Retrieved 27 March 2015, from http://www.history.com/topics/ancient-history/ancient-egypt
Reshafim.org.il,. (2015). Ancient Egypt: Medicine. Retrieved 27 March 2015, from http://www.reshafim.org.il/ad/egypt/timelines/topics/medicine.htm
Please join StudyMode to read the full document