Topics: Hawthorne effect, Hawthorne Works, Motivation Pages: 5 (1432 words) Published: April 18, 2005
Entering and contracting
Entering and contracting are the initial steps taken in the OD process, and is considered by many as one the most important steps of the process. The entering and contracting step will be utilized to set the pace and lay the foundation for the practitioner client relationship. They involve a preliminary evaluation of the organization's opportunities for development, while establishing a collaborative relationship between the OD practitioner and the members of the client system. A major component of entering and contracting is to make a good decision about how to carry out the OD process. The contract allows the parties involved to explicitly set the direction of the project and how the process will take place. The OD contract will generally address three key areas: setting mutual expectation or what each party expects to gain from the OD process; the time and resources that will be devoted to it; and the ground rules for working together and the stating of what are the proper roles of all the parties involved including the practitioner. In this process, a mutual agreement is established between the OD practitioner and the members of the client system in how the OD consultant will work on the problems within the organization. Hence, during entering and contracting, the organization's problems and opportunities for growth and improvement are discussed between these two parties. During this process, the limitations are set on how the consultant can execute the different phases of the OD process. The entering and contracting step is extremely significant because it constitutes the initial activities of the OD process. It sets the parameters for the phases of planned changed that follow: diagnosing, planning and implementing change and evaluating and institutionalizing it. Developing the OD contract focuses on making sound decisions that establish the groundwork for the future success of the project. Data collection

Data Collection is the process of collecting information that will be utilized in the diagnostic process and eventually used to make business recommendation. In this data collection process, it is critical to ensure the highest quality of data possible. In the data collection component, the information is gathered on the specific department or organization such as inputs, design components, and outputs. The practitioner collects information within the organization and can do this by conducting interviews, focus groups, surveys as well as the any other data collection methods. In order to effectively carry out the collection duties, the OD practitioner must have already established a foundational relationship Data collection is important because it is one of the initial opportunities for the OD practitioner to interface and work with the entire client system. This will also be where the OD practitioner begins to personally experience the organizational problems.


Diagnosing organizations is the first major milestone on the road to organizational recovery. When done well, it clearly points the organization and the OD practitioner toward a set of appropriate intervention activities that will improve organization effectiveness. Diagnosis is the process of understanding a system's current functioning and taking the pertinent data collected about the current operations, analyzing it and drawing conclusions for potential improvement. When done effectively, diagnosing provides a systematic knowledge of the organization needed to design the needed interventions. In the diagnostic and data phases, we get justification on behalf of the OD practitioner for the in following areas: 1.The reasoning behind why colleting, analyzing diagnosing data is mission critical 2.Clarification of who hire the OD practitioner and why we should trust each other. 3.How we can help each other usher in solutions to organizational problems 4.Who will have access to confidential information...
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