Contraception and Infertility

Topics: Combined oral contraceptive pill, Birth control, Pregnancy Pages: 3 (1003 words) Published: March 18, 2013
Contraception and Infertility Treatments
Sexual intercourse is an important part of humans lives because it allows us to pass down different traits, have offspring, and also has an emotional bond with the two that are partaking it. When the sperm from a male penetrates the egg of the female then it becomes fertilized. Contraception deals with controlling pregnancy within humans. When a woman is deemed pregnant it is a week later after fertilization. When there are measures to prevent the implantation it is called contraception. When a couple cannot become pregnant then they are said to be infertile. Many different reasons can occur for this reason like with females the fertilized egg or embryo does not survive once it sticks to the lining of the womb or the fertilized egg does not attach to the lining of the uterus. Also infertility can happen within the woman if the eggs cannot move from the ovaries to the womb or if the ovaries have problems producing eggs. In men infertility can arise if there is a decrease in sperm count, the sperm is being blocked from being released into the vagina, or simply the sperm does not work properly. Fertilization will not be able to occur if the sperm is not able to reach the uterus. Through use of the condoms, sperm is stopped from traveling to the egg. The condom is a thin sheath that covers the entire penis, but decreases the sensitivity of it. Condoms seem to be the easiest method to preventing fertilization and they have a low failure rate of 3% to 15%. Because it is one of the most simplistic ways of contraception, condom use is the most formerly practiced. Condoms are also used for collection of semen for use in infertility treatment. Because condoms are waterproof, elastic, and durable, they are also used for non-sexual purposes such as creating waterproof microphones and protecting rifle barrels from clogging. In the modern age, condoms are most often made from latex, but some are made from other materials such as...
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