Continuity and Change over Time - 1450's/1750's
Topics: Caribbean, Slavery, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Latin America, South America, Americas / Pages: 3 (640 words) / Published: Mar 6th, 2012

Continuity/Change Over Time

During the 1450’s to 1750’s the Americas were evolving at a constant rate. The slave trade and the use trade such as the triangular trade were very common during this time-period due to the rise in plantations, causing a diverse region in South America. In addition, forced labor was an important constant throughout the region and was controlled by Spanish and the Inca’s which also allowed for a mixture of culture and ethnicities.

South America throughout the time-period from 1450-1750 relied on the idea of forced labor in a variety of ways. Forced labor began in the early 1450’s with the Inca civilizations using the system of the mit’a, which was used by the Span. This system made over one-seventh of its adult males work for two to four months each year in unfathomable working conditions. Another important form of forced labor included the encomienda, which was enforced by Spanish colonies onto the Amerindians. This concept required Amerindians to work in groups on different tasks such as food production, textiles, other goods, and granted the right to extract labor and tribute goods to the Spanish. Those who worked for the overlords were usually poorly paid, and the systems began to be corrupted or mistreated. Such systems therefore caused a decline in population; and to meet quotas, many men and family members were imposed at higher levels.

Europeans were requesting more African slave labor during this time to help run the newly developed sugar plantations. More people began to travel and explore in South America for trading, and to obtain slaves offering a more diverse culture and spread of . Such accounts allowed for the mixing of ethnicities and societies in South America. In the early 1450’s, most of those who presided in South America were Natives, while over times, people such as Creoles and Mestizos came into play. Due to the mixing of cultures becoming more common, allowing for mestizos or the idea of when

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