The construction industry of Bangladesh has improved substantially during the last twenty years. About 10% of GDP of the country comes from this sector alone. It absorbs a very big labor force as well as enhances big job opportunities for engineers, architects, managers, foremen, supervisors, technicians, electricians, machine operators, drivers etc. At present this is a booming industry and people engaged in this sector are earning a reasonable salary and other benefits. And this is surprising to note that there is a dearth of trained personnel in this sector, in our country. Construction includes buildings of all type i.e. high rise and low rise for accommodation of people or providing space for commerce and industry, jetties in river or sea, bridges, air ports, roads, highways etc. All structures are supposed to be built following designs and drawings prepared by architects and foundation engineers, structural engineers, sanitary engineers, mechanical, electrical and electronic engineers etc. The design and drawings in the country are generally based on Code of Practice of USA, UK, EU and BANGLADESH named as Bangladesh National Building Code (BNBC). The construction activities are carried out as per specifications of the contract presently based on Federation Internationale Des lngenieurs Conseils (FIDIC). Engineers of all advanced countries of the world prepare design and drawings following relevant Codes of Practice and these are being checked thoroughly before sending to sites for execution. Unfortunately in our country and many other developing countries, various stages as explained above are not implemented properly. The consultant or employer's engineers responsible for preparing designs and drawings do not generally send drawings in time, there by delaying the project implementation. After drawings are sent to sites, various mistakes are found on the drawings which are to be corrected. The contractors in our country generally do not like to work properly and interested to have maximum profit neglecting maintenance of the quality of works. There have been many incidents/ accidents in our country during execution of construction works or after completion of these works causing loss of life of the people and their property. These occurred due to negligence of representatives of the contractor or engineers of other associated agencies and come under human right violation. But a few people are punished for their negligence. Various structures have collapsed due to construction defects and/ or design defects or fire caused due to short circuit, killing many poor people and injuring a lot. But very few people responsible were punished for their negligence of duties. From the details of such incidents/accidents, we can understand the seriousness of the situation prevailing in our country. These could have been averted substantially, if we could have designed these structures properly following proper mathematical analysis, relevant codes of Practice and prepare detailed drawings and execute the same under strict supervision of qualified and experienced persons and follow the contract documents properly. Unfortunately due to corrupt practices, engineers / architects of most of the projects instead of trying to help the contractor for speedy completion try to delay the work by raising unnecessary hindrance to gain their own personal interest. These should be stopped. The police during any accident also do not generally help the victims or their family. With a rising population and increasing housing demand, apartment culture has grown up in Dhaka sharply. Apartments were first introduced by the formal private developers in early 80s to the housing history of Dhaka. It first appeared in Dhaka near Central Road and subsequently the city experienced a boom in apartment development in all residential areas including Paribagh, Maghbazar, Siddeshwari, Shantinagar, Dhanmondi, Mirpur, Banani, old DOHS, new...
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