Constantine I and Rome

Topics: Roman Empire, Han Dynasty, Constantine I Pages: 5 (1847 words) Published: March 24, 2011
A Comparison Of The Decline Of Han China And The Roman Empire A Comparison of the Decline of Han China and the Roman Empire       The decline of China and Rome both shared similar economic strife in that they were both subject to barbarian and nomadic invasions, therefore having to spend large amounts of money on frontier defense; however, they differed in that the Han Empire collapsed in part due to the high taxes imposed on the peasant class resulting in a large peasant rebellion, such as the Yellow Turbans, while in Rome tax collections was in danger of abandonment as residents of the empire were few in number and in financial difficulty. In addition, the two empires were similar socially because of large epidemics, diseases, and plagues that caused a population decrease. Also, both experienced a cultural decay in intellectual creativity and innovations. Differences appear in that China shared common culture, such as the Chinese script, while Rome was more fragmented causing a less severe fall in China than Rome. Politically, the falls of both Comparing Classical Athens And Han China

The differences between Classical Athens and Han China were major and distinctive. The background information, government, values of the individual, and art of each society show how differently each empire developed. Within the background information of both Athens and Han China you can automatically notice evident differences between the two. The first document shows the maps of both empires side by side. The Han Empire is isolated and much bigger than Athens's city-state Attica, which is a mere 50 miles long, while the Han Empires stretches to over 2400 miles long. Just their differences in size show how the Empires would have developed differently Since Athens is smaller the people are closer together so therefore it would have been easier to develop democracy there while everyone in Han China is more spread out. Therefore, Hans China would have be more difficult to govern if each citizen had a say in the government. The author of the maps is trying to show that The Han Empire was very different in size and geographically from Athens, and that because of these variations the two developed into dissimilar empires. The second and third documents show the population distribution in both Han China and Athens. The differences here are clear. First of all, there are only 315,000 people in all of Attica while Han China has 65,000,000. The total population of Han China is about 206 times bigger, which requires the need for a strong government system. The demographics also show distinct differences between the two empires. The majority of the residents in Athens was slaves, accounting for about 36% of the population, while in Han China they only had a few household slaves which fell into the category of "Mean people", which only account for about 7% of the population. Also, in Athens only 50,000 people out of 315,000 were citizens, all being male. Athens was a democracy, but just barely, because only the male citizens controlled the government. In Han China, the... Han And Rome

Han China which had flourished from 206 B.C.E. to 220 C.E. and Imperial Rome who thrived from 31 B.C.E. to 476 C.E. Both Empires demonstrate the inability to manage a large territory and defend extensive borders in terms of politics, However, Rome and China also have two very different political systems, based on their governments.

Han China and Imperial Rome practiced different methods of political and social control. In China, Confucianism was the ideology that dictated everything. Loyalty to the emperor and a superior were strong points of Confucianism. Society was viewed as a family unit. This combined with the importance of filial piety created a very centralized, close unit political system. The empire was run by an emperor who ruled as a mandate of heaven. The Han developed a merit based civil service with exhaustible foot soldiers. Rather, China prioritized...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • rome Essay
  • Rome Essay
  • Rome Essay
  • The Rise of Rome Essay
  • Slavery in Rome Essay
  • rome Essay
  • Essay on Rome
  • rome Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free