Connecting the Dots: Understanding the Theories and Theorists
Why do we use theories to explain child development and learning? They help us predict what will happen next, and they help us explore the who, what , when , where and, why of everyday experiences.
Define classical and operant conditioning. Classical conditioning is: the learning that takes place based on an association of stimulus that does not elicit a response with another stimulus that does elicit a response. Operant conditioning is:a process in which a response is gradually learned via reinforcement or punishment. How are they the same? They are the same because they are both are gradual process. How are they different? They are different because in Classical conditioning stimulus comes before the behavior. With Operant conditioning stimulus comes after the behavior.
Give an example of each. An example of Classical conditioning would be, how in my pre-k class I started the year out with this tool called a ¨No Yell¨ Bell. This Bell has 7 different sounds. I use each sound for a different purpose. The one sound is a outer space like sound. I use this sound for the class to know that when the hear this sound that means it is library time. It is now to the point that when they see the bell in my hands they stop to see what sound will play. An example of Operant conditioning would be, how when my sister tells my nephew he is going to see Aunt Cole, he always says ¨Cole, Cole, cake!¨ This would be because one of the first times he visited my house he was upset over something, after several attempts to console him and figure out the problem, I offered him cake. It dissolved him emotional issue and created a happy one. To this day he thinks I have cake when he visits, and I do of course. In this case I used positive reinforcement by using some this pleasant to help his emotional meltdown.
Describe the nature versus nurture debate. Well the nature vs. nurture debate is best described by...
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