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Confucius was legendary. According to Chinese tradition, when Confucius was born there were forty-nine marks of his future greatness on the his body, and on his chest were the visible words, “he will point out, he will act, he will decide, he will accomplish the times”. Confucius, whose actual name was Kong Qiu and courtesy name, was Zhongni, lived between 551 and 479 BC during the late years of China's Spring and Autumn Period (770-476 BC). He was born in the city of Qufu, which was located in the ancient Chinese state of Lu. A great thinker, educator and statesman as well as one of the most learned people of his time; Confucius was also the founder of a school of moral doctrine that encourages "justice" and "peace," known today as Confucianism. The philosophy of Confucius emphasized personal and government morality, correctness, of social relationships, justice and security. Confucianism has a decisive influence on the traditional Chinese culture. Later generations honored Confucius as "the sage of sages" and "the teacher of all ages."
Confucius exposed the well-known principle “do not do to others what you do not want done to yourself”, an early version of the golden rule. Confucius taught more than 3,000 disciples, regardless if they were rich or poor. Those who really wanted to learn were all accepted by Confucius as his disciples and had an equal opportunity to be educated. Confucius is the founder of Confucianism. In its early years, Confucianism was regarded as a radical philosophy and strongly denounce by other high beings in philosophy. Confucianism is often defined as conduct of respect, such as women obey and defer to men, younger brothers to elder brothers, and sons to fathers; respect flows upwards, from young to old, from subject to ruler. The main four aspects of teachings included, righteousness knowledge and learning, words and behavior, and loyalty and forgiveness. He also established four prohibitions, willfulness, narrow-mindedness, stubbornness, and selfishness. If the topic was brought up, he always linked it to fate, benevolence, and virtue. He would enlighten his disciples when they could not handle hardships and difficulties. His teachers were essentially about respecting everyone. Confucianism is not only the core of traditional Chinese culture, but has also deeply influenced the world's cultural history, and many intellectuals and philosophers from around the world are studying it. Some would say Confucianism is not a religion but a way of life. Confucianism would best be understood as an all-encompassing humanism that neither denies nor sights heaven. They say he taught his disciples how to be a good person and practiced his own principles. His disciples and future generations were deeply touched by his righteousness, kindness, humility, courtesy, loyalty to the country, and caring for other people.

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