Conformity

Topics: Social psychology, Conformity, Asch conformity experiments Pages: 8 (2670 words) Published: June 23, 2013
Conformity
By
Nida Akhtar
Shazil Habib
Shehryar Hamid
Sabeen Nasar
Shehryar Ahmed
Alina Ishaque
Submitted to
Ms. Zahbia Sarfaraz

Introduction
Conformity is one the most broad areas in Social Psychology. Conformity is basically the tendency for people to bring their behavior in line with the unanimous opinion of a group, in other words succumbing to group pressure, is conformity. There are certain factors that increase and decrease the level of conformity which will be discussed later in the report

Abstract
In our study we have replicated the famous ‘Asch experiment’ which tested the level to which conformance can occur. The results of our experiment were consistent with the findings of the asch experiment and plus we also detected psychological reactance to a little extent

Literature Review
In this article, the two authors and put out three different proposals in order to identify conformity in individuals. Firstly, they stated that there will be more conformity present when the subject’s responses are public rather than when they are private. Their second proposition indicated that there will be more conformity when the stimulus is ambiguous. This basically just puts out there that the subject’s will have little confidence in their initial judgments as opposed to when it is unambiguous. Thirdly, the two experimenting result seekers designated that there will be no conformity when no one else agrees with the subject than when the subject is faced with a non-unanimous majority. The researchers tested these three findings by providing college students from Michigan State University with questionnaire’s that were placed in a locked ballot box and were distributed in a random order in which the subject’s would never know which individual would have what form. There were four different kinds of forms utilized. All survey questionnaires were a part of various political and social issues. Three of the forms displayed different responses from a recent national sample of college students and the fourth form was a control condition and gave no such information. The surveys were given out privately but each questionnaire focused on whether or not the participants would conform to the former displayed results of other subjects who took this particular survey, however; the participants never knew of it. The final part of the questionnaire’s asked subjects several questions concerning their own personal reactions to the interviewers and the survey which was meant to examine how much attitude was involved within their conforming reactions towards the questionnaires. At the end of the experiment, the results were shown that no evidence of conformity had been exhibited from the fifteen experiment-takers who had undergone this experiment. The findings identified that at least one of the three proposals in experiencing conformity, as stated in the opening, had to be present in order for conformity to be displayed. We learned through this specific experiment that the participants’ attitudes, behaviors, cognitive dissonance’s between the two, and perhaps their egos got in the way of them conforming to the information provided within the questionnaires as a result of them taking the surveys privately as opposed to publicly, hence, showing prominent signs of anonymity. (Herbert L. Tyson, 1977) An experiment was undertaken to test the hypothesis that conformity develops in 2 stages, increasing up to the adolescent period and decreasing thereafter. A 2X4 factorial design was used involving sex and 4 age groups. The apparatus was used similar to Crutchfield (1955). There were 24 Subjects (12 male and 12 female) were selected to compose 4 age groups. Group 1 consisted of ages from 7-9, Group 2 11-13, Group 3 15-17, Group 4 19-21. Subjects in each group were subjected to erroneous judgments in a simulated conformity situation. They were shown 12 stimulas cards were prepared, containing 3 comparison lines. They were to choose...
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