Conflict Resolution and Governance in Nepal

Topics: Conflict, Sociology, Conflict resolution Pages: 181 (67018 words) Published: December 26, 2008

Nepal Foundation for Advance Studies (NEFAS)
In cooperation with
Fredrich-Ebert-Stiftung, Nepal

Conflict Resolution and Governance in Nepal



Part -1 Conflict Resolution in Nepal

1.Conflict Resolution :
A Note on Some Contending Approaches3

Author:Dev Raj Dahal
2. Towards Conflict Transformation in Nepal---Recent Trends in Government Maoist Dialogue4

Author: Meena Acharya

3. Sociological Perspectives on Internal Conflict
Resolution/Management in Nepal5

Author:Krishna B. Bhattachan

4.Dynamics of Continuing Conflict in Nepal a
Geo-political Perspective6

Author:Yubaraj Sangroula

Part -11 Governance in Nepal

1. Public Policy-making in Nepal7

Author: Hiramani Ghimire

2. Managing Regional Disparity in Development
through Governance Effectiveness8

Author:Chakramehr Vajracharya

3.Conflict Resolution through Governance
Effectiveness in Nepal9

Author: Bihari Krishna Shrestha

4.Politics of Hard Choices: In Quest of Economic
Policies and Programs10

Author:Raghab D. Pant

5.Peace Dialogue in the Process of Conflict
Resolution in Nepal11

Author: Hari Uprety


Nepal has faced numerous challenges in governance matters at a crucial time in its history. Just as it needed to consolidate the democratic gains it has made over the years, various underlying conflicts have manifested themselves and opened up deep wounds in the society. Political instability and weak governance have bred and given continuity to economic and social inequality, urban/rural disparity and marginalisation of minority politics making it a huge challenge for the political sector to handle. The seven year Maoist People’s War has been brought to a ceasefire providing an opportunity to resolve these conflicts in a peaceful manner. The Maoist peace overture needs to be capitalized by all the political actors so that democratic consolidation can go ahead on its normal course. At the same time, the political sector needs to commit itself not to let a politics of confrontation take over everyday governance tasks. In other words, these conflicts need to be identified on their own merit and resolution strategies adopted. Peace is the overriding need of the day. New approaches to governance lay increasing emphasis on ordered transformation rather than chaos, management of competition and distributional conflicts rather than coercion and enforced consensus and the delivery of public goods to the general public rather than deliberate exhortations of exclusionary impulses. The importance of governance for many developing countries like Nepal is, therefore, already enormous, because irresolution of the problems of poverty, inequality and alienation offer conditions for combative politics. Nepal needs a successful development, a development that is both just and sustainable. It needs sturdy democratic institutions and a vibrant civil society to articulate the sovereign power of the public. Is it possible without the market, civil society and political parties cooperating with the state for collective action? The Nepali state should be enabled to fulfill at least its minimum basic state functions such as security, law and order and well-being of the people. The promotion of peace, democracy and good governance becomes easy if there is a legitimate bulwark of security founded on a unitary legal order. Once the institutional capacity for conflict resolution is achieved, governance will have the political will and capacity for building a modern Nepal, which promises a shared future for its citizens. I hope, many papers included in this book will be able to address the complexity of problems faced by...

References: Dahal, Dev Raj (2002): Crisis of governance and Modes of Conflict Resolution in Nepal,
Dixit, Shanta(2001)
NSAC (1998). Nepal, Human Development Report, 1998, kathmandu :Nepal South Asia Centre .
Nepal Janajati Mahasangh Sanghiya Parishad, (1997): Nepal Janajati Mahasangha Sanchhipta Parichay, 2054, Kathmandu
Paul, Bohannan (1967)
----------, (1994). Population and Family Planning Project Staff Appraisal Report, World Bank, Nepal
--------, (1990)
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