concept and analysis

Topics: Nursing theory, Nursing, Health care Pages: 5 (1127 words) Published: April 18, 2015


Concept Comparison and Analysis
NUR/513
September 15, 2014
Dr. Sharon Little-Stoetzel
Concept Comparison and Analysis
Theories related to nursing are a guide that one uses to determine his care of another. Through the research of concept comparison and analysis, a core concept that is common among two nursing theorist, namely Orem and Henderson will be identified. I will discuss the definition of a concept, metaparadigms, philosophies, and conceptual model and relate each of them to the theorists. The common concept of these two theorists is that the nurse will assess, assist and ensure the patient gets the rehab that he needs to regain the ability to take of himself. A concept is a primary element of a theory (current nursing). The primary concern of this research involves the patients getting rehabilitated and being able to provide care for himself and obtain an optimal health status. Promoting self-care starts on the admission and continues when the patient goes home. Consistency in patient care and patient teaching will prove to be beneficial to the patient and his family. Metapardigims involves the person receiving care, the environment from which he comes from, the degree of his illness, and the actions of his caretaker (current nursing). The primary caregiver not only considers the illness the patient has, but involves the patient in his care. According to Learners Dictionary (2014), a philosophy is the study of ideas about knowledge and the meaning of life. The conceptual model consists of concepts and plans and denotes ways of thinking about a problem or ways of representing why compound things work the way they do (current nursing). Virginia Henderson ‘s theory, the nature of nursing(1955) identifies the unique function of the nurse as assisting the patient, sick or well, in the performance of activities that contribute to his health and recovery (current nursing). Henderson identified the importance of a hospitalized patient’s independence so there is not a delay in his healing progress. She placed the nursing activities of the patient into 14 components based on his human needs. Henderson’s 14 components are either, physiological, psychological, spiritual or sociological in origin. Henderson identifies these components as: breathing normally, eating, eliminating body waste, moving or resting, dressing and undressing, maintaining normal body temperature, appropriate hygiene, avoiding dangers, expressing emotions, worshiping according to one’s faith, setting goals, and participating in recreational activities (current nursing). The primary assumptions of this theory are nurses be willing to serve and provide care to the patient until he can care for himself (current nursing). The four major concepts of the nature of nursing theory are the patient, the environment, the patient’s health, and nursing. The individual has basic needs, requires assistance to achieve independence, keeps his mind and body inseparable, and considers biological, psychological, sociological, and spiritual components (current nursing). The individual identifies his living pattern, the conditions of the environment that influences his life, his rapport with his family, the impact the community has on him and his family, and his ability to perform the 14 components of basic nursing care (current nursing). An individual’s health involves the ability to function independently and the ability of the nurse to promote heath and prevention of a disease. Nursing assists the patient that lacks the necessary strength to satisfy 1 or more of the 14 basic needs. The nurse has the responsibility to assist and support the patient in obtaining independence and making sure the patient carries out the doctor’s individualized care plan. Dorothea Orem’s self-care deficit theory (1971) involves three theories, theory of self-care, theory of self-care deficit, and the theory of nursing systems (current nursing). Identifying if...

References: philosophy. (2014). In Learners dictionary. Retrieved from http://www.learnersdictionary.com/definition/philosophy
http://currentnursing.com/nursing_theory/introduction.html
Moore, C. (n.d.). Dorothea Orem 's Self-Care Requisites. Retrieved from http://www.bellaonline.com/articles/art57766.asp
Self-Care Requisites - Dorothea Orem . (2012). Retrieved from http://nursesnanda.blogspot.com/2012/03/self-care-requisites-dorothea-orem.html
http://currentnursing.com/nursing_theory/Henderson.html
http://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/developmental-self-care-requisites-47565/
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