Concentration Camps

Topics: Auschwitz concentration camp, Nazi concentration camps, Zyklon B Pages: 5 (1668 words) Published: December 12, 2013

Concentration Camps
“I believe in the sun even when it is not shining; I believe in love when I cannot feel it; I believe in God even when he is silent” (Hale, 106). Considering this quote was written in a concentration camp, it is very remarkable because hope was rare in concentration camps. They were not gloomy. This quote was extremely powerful and gave people in concentration camps hope and faith. The term concentration camp refers to a camp in which people are detained or confined, usually under harsh conditions. In these terrifying concentration camps, people could also be confined, without observation and custody. Auschwitz was one of the worse concentration camps in the Holocaust. Auschwitz was the largest, subordinate concentration camp. Concentration camps such as Auschwitz, was a terrible killing technique that Hitler used during the Holocaust because people were tortured, forced to do work, and killed with gas chambers. During the Holocaust period, in concentration camps people were treated horribly. They were tortured in many ways. Some ways were by lethal injection, executions, hangings, and rape. Lethal injection is an injection administered for the purpose of Euthanasia or as capital punishment. It was also the practice of killing a person using lethal dosages of drugs. Physicians in Nazi Germany initially used lethal injection in the course of the Nazi euthanasia program against the country’s physically and intellectually disabled children in the late 1930’s and early 1940’s. Lethal injection was held in an environment that resembled a shower. Babies, small children, and Germans with disabilities were killed by lethal injection. Some inmates would also be taken from the medical institution and be put to death. One execution the Nazis were known for most was mass shootings. Mass shootings did not take place in the prisoner of war camps or immediate area. They were held in the courtyards. The inmates were shot to death in pits near the camp where gravel had been dug. Before a single person was shot to death, they were forced to dig their own grave, and then shot until they fell in their grave. The inmates were shot in trenches. Mass shootings weren’t public like hangings were. If you were captured or arrested that would that would lead to an execution without warning. Committing crimes would lead to hangings. Sometimes those who did not commit a crime could also be hung as well. Hangings were public. They were carried out in front of other prisoners, usually during roll call. The goal of public hangings was to intimidate the witnesses. The victims were most frequently prisoners caught trying to escape or were suspected of aiding escape. Some Jewish women were raped by the Nazi guards within the camp and even outside the camp. Certain individual camps and certain areas within concentration camps were designated specifically for female prisoners. In May 1939, the SS (Schutzstaffel which, translated literally, means Protective Squad) opened Ravensbrück, the largest Nazi concentration camp established for women. Forced labor during the Holocaust was very enforced. There were many types of forced labor but three different forced labor were; the Sonderkommando, Kanada Kommand, and Krupp. The Sonderkommando were Jews who were forced to work in concentration camps found at Auschwitz-Birkenau, Sobibor, Treblinka, Majdanek, and Belzec. The Sonderkommando were forced to do task that can only repulse. Yet, the jobs were simple to do- clear gas chambers, dispose of the dead bodies, remove gold teeth from victims, and work in the crematoriums, basically everything they were told to do they did so. The Kanada Kommando would collect belongings of victims and took them to the Kanada warel facility for sorting and transporting to Germany. The Krupp workers were makers of washing machines, coffee makers and the Nazi gas chambers. Krupp used over 70,000 people as slave labor in factories. A plant was also operated inside...

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