TOPIC:DESIGHN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A COMPUTERIZED POULTRY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
STUDENT NAME:BRENDA CLEOPA NGOWI
DATE:4TH DEC 2011
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.3.1 General Objectives
1.3.2 Specific Objectives
1.4 Research Question
1.5 Significance of the Research
1.6 Research Scope and Methodology
2.2Importance of PMS
This chapter provides an overview of the PMS, asess the problem description , objectives,questions,scope and limitation of the research,definition of terms used.
1.2STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Poultry farming in Tanzania has become a major source of income in families in the rural areas. In earlier days, farmers used only a traditional way of farming by letting free poultry in the morning to fetch for food and later in the evening let them in the small houses for shelter. The farmers were not using vaccination or methods of treatment against diseases, but instead they slaughter and eat a poultry if seems to be weak. Currently, this situation is changing due to many efforts put in modernizing poultry farming in rural areas in Tanzania.
Poultry production accounts for the major part of all meat produced in many developing countries, and is an integral component of nearly all rural, peri-urban and urban households. Poultry are of considerable significance to rural as well as national economies and an important source of animal protein.
Poultry production systems should provide fresh air, clean feed and water, protection against predators, shelter from cold, rain, wind, sun and excessive heat; as well as a source of heat when birds are young. Basically, the birds need to be able to grow, sleep and lay eggs in comfort. The birds should also be free from stress and disease.
In the commercial poultry projects, a lot of resources are invested in purchasing chicks, building chicken coop, utensils for feeding the chicken and medicine to mention a few. In practice, these kinds of projects are owned by individuals, group of people of institutions. Sometimes such poultry projects work well, but it is a sad fact that in this projects are done without proper management skills or appropriate technology as the results, the owners of such projects may run in losses without knowing... Why do such projects so often fail? Commercial poultry-keeping is not the easy income-generating activity many people believe it to be. Some kind of special training may be required on for better poultry-keeping business. Sometimes people do not realize how much investment is needed. Things can go wrong. Amongst the most common problems are:
The management in commercial poultry-keeping should be put in good focus. For example, there must be strict hygiene control ( vaccination against disease, foot dips at the door, disinfecting the coop). There should be enough space for each chick, sufficient water, feeders, nest boxes and perches. If day-old chicks are bought, they should be kept warm and fed a correct diet. A few stated stands should be followed for well established poultry business. Therefore, there should be a system in place to keep track of all these important issues and have a cost and benefit analysis for the project.
Record keeping for poultry products production and income (cash) records are needed. For example all eggs played, sold chicken, sold manure, number dead chicken and cause, wages for poultry project workers, electric bills, water bills, vet nary costs, amount and type of food consumed per day.
References: Barnett, J.L & Glatz, P.C. 2004. Developing and implementing a welfare audit. In Measuring and auditing broiler welfare, pp. 231–?240. Wall-
ingford, UK, CAB International
Karberg, Suzanne. Utilizing Record Keeping Tools or Management and Profit. EC671. Purdue
Khisa G .S: Output of the intensive training of trainer’s course on Farmers Field School,
Mabanga FTC, 13-23 February 2002.
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