Computer Keyboard

Topics: QWERTY, Tabulating machine, Computer terminal Pages: 2 (531 words) Published: March 17, 2011
Computer Keyboard (1874 – 1982)

Although the first Computer Keyboard came out in 1964, it was a long evolution process from 1874-1982, to form the modern computer keyboard as we know it...

One of the most common electronic input devices available nowadays is the “computer keyboard”. The “keyboard” enters instructions and data into the “memory” of the “computer”. “Keyboards” are used to “program”, operate and manage files and programs on a computer “interface”. This is accomplished by users triggering “commands” by pressing keys on the “keyboard” which activates an input into the computer.

There are a few different types of keyboards that provide different functions based on their purpose. The one everyone is most familiar with is the desktop computer keyboard. Generally a desktop computer keyboard contains a little over a hundred keys including keys of the alphabet, digits, and other various function keys. Another type of keyboard we see every day goes by the name of “keypad”. Keypads are small keyboards with a more designated function. Keypads provide input, like in the case of cell phones, they are used to dial numbers or send text messages. Often, keypads have a small amount of keys, resulting in a multi-press system to get the write input. Gaming keyboards include keys which are programmable, in order to be able to have a different function depending on the game. In addition, they have other tasks they can perform relevant to the game as in providing stats or info to help with the game. Lastly, some keyboards are touch screen based and operate by touching the virtual keyboard on the screen of the computer or device itself.

The Keyboard has a long history of development, starting with its ancestor the typewriter, where it developed its format by “Christopher Latham Sholes”.

1874 Sholes invents the “QWERTY layout” as it’s called, to prevent a key jamming problem faced in typewriters.

1888 The QWERTY layout mainstreams, and it is...
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