Computer Crime and its Effect on The Society
What is computer crime?
Computer crime or cybercrime refers to any crime that involves a computer and a network, where the computers may or may not have played an instrumental part in the commission of the crime . Issues surrounding this type of crime have become high-profile, particularly those surrounding hacking, copyright infringement, here are also problems of privacy when confidential information is lost or intercepted, lawfully or otherwise. Computer crime encompasses a broad range of potentially illegal activities. Generally, however, it may be divided into one of two types of categories: (1) crimes that target computer networks or devices directly; (2) crimes facilitated by computer networks or devices, the primary target of which is independent of the computer network or device. Examples of crimes that primarily target computer networks or devices would include: * Malware (malicious code)
* Denial-of-service attacks
* Computer viruses
Examples of crimes that merely use computer networks or devices would include: * Cyber stalking
* Fraud and identity theft
* Phishing scams
* Information warfare
A computer can be a source of evidence. Even though the computer is not directly used for criminal purposes, it is an excellent device for record keeping, particularly given the power to encrypt the data. If this evidence can be obtained and decrypted, it can be of great value to criminal investigators.
Who is a Hacker?
A hacker is a person who breaks into computers, but does no harm, usually for fun or just the challenge. The subculture that has evolved around hackers is often referred to as the computer underground but is now an open community. Hackers are people who are motivated by curiosity and adventurer's spirit. This adventurer's spirit usually leads them to plan and execute such acts which involve breaking into and stealing information from other's...
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