With the freedom of the computer has come a multitude of new ethical issues. Computer ethics is a set of moral principles that systematize the use of computers and supervise the behavior of a group or individual. This essay will tell how computer ethics came about. We will discuss the “Ten Commandments of Computer Ethics.” Having the use of a computer for business, academic, or just for social reasons entitles you to know and follow these ethics. Do you apply computer ethics when spending time on the internet? At the end of this essay ask yourself this question again and give an honest answer. If your answer is no then correct the issue and apply them now. Ethics in computing are social-justice issues, commerce, computer abuse, speech issues, intellectual property, basics, privacy, and risks. We will discuss each of these issues in this essay. By the end of this essay you will have the knowledge of computer and web ethics to apply to your daily use of a computer. The Ten Commandments of Computer Ethics were created in 1992 by the Computer Ethics Institute. The commandments were introduced in the paper "In Pursuit of a 'Ten Commandments' for Computer Ethics" by Ramon C. Barquin as a means to create "a set of standards to guide and instruct people in the ethical use of computers (Fitzpatrick, Carolyn Bronstein 2006)." The Ten Commandments of Computer Ethics
1. Thou shalt not use a computer to harm other people.
2. Thou shalt not interfere with other people's computer work. 3. Thou shalt not snoop around in other people's computer files. 4. Thou shalt not use a computer to steal.
5. Thou shalt not use a computer to bear false witness.
6. Thou shalt not copy or use proprietary software for which you have not paid. 7. Thou shalt not use other people's computer resources without authorization or proper compensation. 8. Thou shalt not appropriate other people's intellectual output. 9. Thou shalt think about the social consequences of the program you are writing or the system you are designing. 10. Thou shalt always use a computer in ways that ensure consideration and respect for your fellow humans.
The “Ten Commandments of Computer Ethics” cover many concerns of ethics in the technology world today. It covers plagiarism, hacking, identity theft, and social standards. These issues are in the work place, academic areas, and the social network. If people would follow the “Ten Commandments of Computer Ethics” it would be a start in the fight against ethical problems in the world of computer technology.
Computer ethics begin long ago with the invention of computers. MIT professor Norbert Wiener, during WWII in the early 1940s, recognized the consideration of computer ethics. Wiener helped to develop an anti-aircraft cannon with the capability of shooting down fast warplanes. Cybernetics, the science of information feedback systems, was soon created by Wiener and his colleagues. In 1950, Wiener published The Human Use of Human Beings, which described a comprehensive foundation that is still the basis for computer ethics research and analysis (Rebecca Harold, 2006). Donn B. Parker published “Rules of Ethics in Information Processing” in Communications of the ACM in 1968. Parker headed the first code of Professional Conduct for the Association for Computing Machinery which was adopted by the ACM in 1973 (Rebecca Harold, 2006). In 1978, Maner published the Starter Kit in Computer Ethics, which contained curriculum materials and advice for developing computer ethics courses. Many university courses were put in place because of Maner's work (Rebecca Harold, 2006). These were just the beginning of the concept of computer ethics. Today the field has grown in different ways and has developed over time. Growing up parents taught their children at a young age morals and ethics at the top of this list is manors. Manors consist of being polite to others and using appropriate language. Ethics were taught as the children...
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