Composition and functions of the Malaysian Parliament and the State Legislative Assembly.
Malaysia's Parliament is a bicameral legislature constituted by the House of Representatives (Dewan Rakyat), the Senate (Dewan Negara) and the Yang Di-Pertuan Agong. As the ultimate legislative body in Malaysia, Parliament is responsible for passing, amending and repealing acts of law. Parliament has the exclusive power to make federal laws over matters falling under the Federal List and the power, which is shared with the State Legislatures, to make laws on matters in the Concurrent List. The other function of the Parliament is to impose new taxes, additional one or abolish any taxes and to approved the nation’s budget for a specific year. Parliament's members are permitted to speak on any subject without fear of censure outside Parliament; the only body that can censure an MP is the House Committee of Privileges. Such "Parliamentary immunity" takes effect from the moment a Member of Parliament is sworn in, and only applies to when that member has the floor; it does not apply to statements made outside the House. An exception is made by the Sedition Act passed by Parliament in the wake of the 13 May racial riots in 1969. Under the Act, all public discussion of repealing certain Articles of the Constitution dealing with Bumiputra privileges such as Article 153 is illegal. This prohibition is extended to all members of both houses of Parliament. Members of Parliament are also forbidden from criticizing the King and judges. The House of Representatives (Dewan Rakyat, literally People's Hall) is the lower house of the Parliament of Malaysia. Members of the Dewan Rakyat are often referred to as members of parliament or MPs. Like the Dewan Negara, the Dewan Rakyat meets at the Malaysian Houses of Parliament in Kuala Lumpur. The House of Representatives (Dewan Rakyat) is made up of 222 elected members. Each appointment will last until Parliament is dissolved for general...
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