Composite Materials

Good Essays
Composite Materials

A composite is a combination of two or more materials bonded together to gain some overall necessary goods.
Types of composite include: laminated materials fibre composites particle composites.

A laminate contains thin pieces of material fused together. Common examples are plywood and car windscreens. Wood is durable when exposed to a ductile force equivalent to its grain, but if the strength is across the particle it splits simply.
A windscreen is made in a parallel way; two sheets of reinforced glass are bonded to a piece of clear plastic in a sandwich. If the glass smashes, the plastic grasps the wrecked pieces together.
Wood and bone are natural composite materials. Wood is a fibre composite, containing of fibres of cellulose in lignin cement.
Chipboard is a fibre composite that contains wooden chips stuck together. The stuffing of the chips is random, so the wooden fibres lie in all ways. Different natural wood, chipboard does not have a grain so it is similarly durable in all directions.
Fibre composites such as glass reinforced plastic (glass fibre) and carbon fibre reinforced plastics have replaced metals in some applications. They are lighter than metals and are not affected by fatigue. Some car bodies are made from glass fibre.
Its light weight provides enhanced acceleration and fuel intake but it is not as durable as the same width of steel, so it gives a reduced amount of protection to the driver and passengers.
Glass fibre does not rust like metals, so it is also suitable for uses such as the structures of boats. Because glass fibre is nonmagnetic, it is particularly appropriate for minesweepers.
This diagram shows two methods in which glass fibres can be organised within the plastic. When the fibres are equivalent the glass fibre is strong in the way of the fibres but weak in the direction at right angles to them. A random organisation of the fibres gives a material that is similarly strong in all directions.

Carbon fibre

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Satisfactory Essays

    Composite Materials

    • 379 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Composite materials A composite material consists of two or more physically and/or chemically distinct, suitably arranged or distributed phases, with an interface separating them. It has characteristics that are not depicted by any of the components in isolation Most commonly, composite materials have a bulk phase, which is continuous, called the matrix, and one dispersed, non-continuous, phase called the reinforcement, which is usually harder and stronger. The arrangement of the fiber in the matrix…

    • 379 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Journal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials http://jtc.sagepub.com/ Bagasse Fiber-Polypropylene Based Composites A. Vázquez, V. A. Domínguez and J. M. Kenny Journal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials 1999 12: 477 DOI: 10.1177/089270579901200604 The online version of this article can be found at: http://jtc.sagepub.com/content/12/6/477 Published by: http://www.sagepublications.com Additional services and information for Journal of Thermoplastic…

    • 460 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Faculty of Science and Engineering Department of Mechanical, Aeronautical and Biomedical Engineering Nano-scratch testing of Composite Materials Author Mohamed Gouse Interim Report (inc. Literature review), submitted as part of the M.Eng. in Aeronautical Engineering It is hereby declared that this report is entirely my own work, unless otherwise stated, and that all sources of information have been properly acknowledged and referenced…

    • 7247 Words
    • 29 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Composites

    • 8147 Words
    • 33 Pages

    Composites: Part B 44 (2013) 120–127 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect Composites: Part B journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/compositesb Green composites: A review of adequate materials for automotive applications Georgios Koronis ⇑, Arlindo Silva, Mihail Fontul Instituto Superior Tecnico, Mechanical Engineering Department, Lisbon, Portugal a r t i c l e i n f o a b s t r a c t This study provides a bibliographic review in the broad field of green composites…

    • 8147 Words
    • 33 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Best Essays

    Essay on the increasing use of composite material in the construction of aircraft and if they will lead to reduction in operational costs The Airline Industry has its origin with the first scheduled service by the St Petersburg-Tampa Airboat Line on January 1, 1914. The plane, a Benoist XIV, conducted 1205 commercial flights across the Tampa bay in Florida, USA. The airline discontinued the service after…

    • 2176 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Best Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    The future use of structural composite materials in the automotive industry Enrico Mangino Centro Ricerche Fiat, Strada Torino 50, 10043 Orbassano (TO), Italy enrico.mangino@crf.it Joe Carruthers NewRail, School of Mechanical & Systems Engineering, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, UK joe.carruthers@ncl.ac.uk Giuseppe Pitarresi Dipartimento di Meccanica, University of Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, 90128 Palermo, Italy pitarresi@dima.unipa.it Abstract: The automotive…

    • 8275 Words
    • 34 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Composite Fillings

    • 1953 Words
    • 8 Pages

    Final Essay Amalgam Vs. Composite; Which one is the better of the two? There are two types of dental fillings that most people know about, the amalgam also known as those big silver fillings, which seem to be not the prettiest looking ones in your mouth. Or the other choice is the composite also known as tooth-colored fillings, which you can’t even tell they are in there. The most common known that has been used for over one hundred and fifty years is the amalgam. The newest craze…

    • 1953 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Benefits of Composite

    • 579 Words
    • 3 Pages

    The composite or white fillings offer various advantages over amalgam. The majority of today’s patients will choose white fillings over silver. The reason for that is the mercury in the amalgam is often viewed as potentially toxic and cause sensitivity. Depending on which tissue it settles in, it will differ from one person to another. The suggested answer is that mercury from fillings doesn 't cause a specific disease. It causes poisoning, and a very small number of people are allergic to metals…

    • 579 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Polyimide Composites

    • 1860 Words
    • 8 Pages

    Composites Science and Technology 61 (2001) 1253–1264 www.elsevier.com/locate/compscitech Preparation, structure, properties and thermal behavior of rigid-rod polyimide/montmorillonite nanocomposites Rathanawan Magaraphan a,*, Wittaya Lilayuthalert a, Anuvat Sirivat a, Johannes W. Schwank b a The Petroleum and Petrochemical College, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand b University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA Received 10 August 1999; received in revised form 20 November…

    • 1860 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    carbon fiber composite

    • 11830 Words
    • 48 Pages

    Autocomposites Workshop Kickstarting the widespread adoption of automotive carbon fiber composites 7,8,9 November 2012 Troy, MI 1 AUTOCOMPOSITES PROJECT OVERVIEW & FAQ AUTOMOTIVE CARBON FIBER INDUSTRY CONTEXT CHALLENGES TO WIDESPREAD IMPLEMENTATION MANUFACTURING INNOVATION DESIGN & ANALYSIS ENHANCEMENT LIFECYCLE CONSIDERATIONS APPROACH TO OVERCOME CHALLENGES 2 Overview Lightweight Autocomposites Summary RMI is committed to reducing U.S. oil dependence and enhancing…

    • 11830 Words
    • 48 Pages
    Good Essays