Comparisons of Opium, Opiates, and Heroin

Topics: Morphine, Opioid, Heroin Pages: 2 (915 words) Published: October 28, 2014

9/21/2014
Elizabeth Vaught
Week 1 Graded writing 2
CJ436
ITT-TECH
Instructor: Jay Castonguay
Comparisons of Opium, Opiates, and Heroin
List the names of the common derivatives of opium.
Morphine
Codeine
ThebaineDiscuss the differences between opium, opiates, and synthetic opiates. All of these are considered a narcotic; opium is harvested straight from the opium poppy in the form of a sticky tar like substance. Opium produces an analgesic and euphoric effect on the patient taking the drug. Opiates are a derivative of the pure opium drug, so in other words they are what you get when you change the chemical structure of the pure opium. Opiates include morphine, codeine, thebaine, heroin, and of course opium. This is where we get heroin from too, heroin is a derivative of the drug morphine, and morphine is a derivative of opium. Whereas, synthetic opium is not opium or even a derivative of it, however it has been designed to “mock” the effects of opium. These have been said to have been manufactured so that the user can still receive the same effect of the opium and opiates without the risk of addiction or abuse of the drug.CITATION Lev08 \l 1033 (Levinthal, 2008) Compare the effects of opium derivatives with those of heroin. Heroin is highly addictive and heavily abused as well as being illegal. Heroin causes a sudden release of histamine into the body that causes intense body itching and reddening of the eyes. Pinpoint pupils are caused by pupillary constriction. Heroin works on the medulla to suppress respiration. This drug will affect the blood pressure of the user along with long term constipation. The effects of Dilaudid range from pleasure to nausea. Dilaudid inhibits the ascending pain pathways in the central nervous system, increases the pain threshold and alters pain perception CITATION Dil13 \l 1033 (Dilaudid Effects, 2013). Dilaudid is considered a narcotic pain reliever or an opioid analgesic. It will cause dependency,...

Bibliography: Dilaudid Effects. (2013). Retrieved 09 18, 2014, from DilaudidAddiction.com: http://www.dilaudidaddiction.com/effects.htm
Levinthal, C. F. (2008). Narcotics: Opium, Heroin, and Synthetic Opiates. In Drugs, Society, and Criminal Justice (pp. 114-139). Boston: Pearson/Allyn and Bacon.
Levinthal, C.F. (2008). Narcotics: Opium, Heroin, and Synthetic Opiates. In Drugs, Society, and Criminal Justice (pp 130-132). Boston: Pearson/Allyn and Bacon.
Numorphan. (2014, 09 03). Retrieved 09 18, 2014, from Drugs.com: http://www.drugs.com/cdi/numorphan.html
Percocet. (2014, 03 19). Retrieved 09 18, 2014, from Drugs.com: http://www.drugs.com/percocet.html
Vicodin. (2014, 07 21). Retrieved 09 19, 2014, from Drugs.com: http://www.drugs.com/vicodin.html
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