Comparison of the Aztec and Inca Empires

Topics: Aztec, Mesoamerica, Mexico City Pages: 3 (1193 words) Published: October 10, 2014
GOVERNMENT
Difference: Incans had a totalitarian complex government whether as Aztecs had a decentralized government that focused on expansion. 
Significance: Since Aztecs never really had a lot of control over the conquered people, many of them were eager to fight for Cortez against the Aztecs which helped lead to their decline. Incas on the other hand had a very complex empire with a lot of control over their people. So, since they had such an established rule, it made it MUCH harder and took a lot longer for Pizzaro to defeat them. RELIGION

Similarity: Both Incan and Aztec religions were polytheistic and had many rituals performed by preists. 
Significance: Both used religion to unite civilizations, and gain control over people since both kings were considered divine. Page 1 of 3
SOCIETY
Difference: Aztecs had more craftspeople (artisans, merchants) and therefore more diverse social classes, leading to specialization. Aztecs had individual advancement based on military ability. Incas had little social mobility. Similarity: Families in both empires lived in groups(calpullis or ayllus). 

Reason for difference: because the Incans had a totalitarian government, in order to keep control over people, the leader had to limit their mobility. Also, since the government required 2/3 of the crop, most people were stuck being farmers and had little time/resources to learn and use a new skill/craft. Significance of difference: Since Aztecs had more artisans, craftsmen, and merchants, it may have led to more specialization and more trade. Page 2 of 3

ECONOMY
Difference: Currency for Aztecs was cacao beans, cloth, or salt. Currency for Incas was mined gold. When Incans farm, 2/3 is given to tax and redistributed. Aztecs bartered for other goods Similarity: Agriculture was the basis of both economies. Both Incas and Aztecs had tributes, but Aztecs had it more. 

Reason for difference: Since the Incas didn't have as many merchants or artisans, there economy...
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