Comparison of Research Theories
In Partial Fulfillment for the Requirements of
Grand Canyon University
There are many psychoanalytic and neo-psychoanalytic research theories. These include dream interpretation, defense mechanisms,
humor, hypnosis, frustration-aggression hypothesis, attachment style and adult relationships, social anxiety, anxiety/coping
strategies and the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI). Defense mechanisms are ways in which the unconscious mind tries to protect the conscious mind from unpleasant realities to
make them less threatening (Lecture Three). Dr. C.G. Boeree's article on Freud gives several examples of defense mechanisms.
Denial is the blocking of outside events from one's awareness. Repression is the willing forgetfulness of an event. Isolation is the stripping of emotions from an event. Displacement is the redirection of an impulse to a substitute object. Altruistic surrender is the fulfilling of needs vicariously through others. Regression is the movement back in psychological time to
a time less threatening. Sublimation is the transferring of unacceptable behaviors (impulses) to socially acceptable and productive behaviors. Other types of defense mechanisms include reaction formation, introjections, rationalization, and asceticism (Boeree).
Hypnosis is a rather controversial issue as to whether there is an altered state of consciousness (Lecture Three). In hypnosis a subject gives control of his/her consciousness to another (Henderson, 2001). It is mostly used to change simple behaviors
such as smoking (Lecture Three) and in coping with pain (Henderson, 2001).
Common sensations involved in hypnosis include
out of body experiences (disassociation), accentuated memory (hyperamnesia), and decrease/removal of pain (anesthesia) (Henderson, 2001).
Anxiety can in its most simplest form be called fear. Freud listed three types of anxiety. ...
References: Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Retrieved January 21, 2009 from
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Retrieved January 21, 2009 from
Fraley, R. (2004) Attachment Style and Adult Relationships: A Brief
Overview of Adult Attachment Theory and Research Retrieved
January 18, 2009 from http://www.psych.uiuc.edu
Fruatration-Aggression Hypothesis (2002) Retrieved January 20, 2009
Hypnosis and the subconscious Mind. Retrieved January
20, 2009 from http://www.wayneperkins.net/book/Chap14.html
Monro (1988) Monro 's "Theories of Humor" Writing and Reading Across the
Curriculum Third Edition
& Company. Retrieved January 20, 2009 from http:/www.msu.edu
PSY 315 (2009) Lecture Three Retrieved January 7, 2009 from
Dream moods Retrieved January 22, 2009 from www.dreammoods.com
On Dreaming Retrieved January 22, 2009 from www.ondreaming.com
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