Comparison of Presidential and Parliamentery Form of Government

Topics: Presidential system, Prime minister, Parliamentary system Pages: 3 (1027 words) Published: June 25, 2013
Presidential and Parliamentary systems are the two possible forms of Government in a democracy. In England there is the Parliamentary system, and it has worked so well over the years that it has become a model for a number of other countries. In the U.S.A., on the other hand, there is the Presidential form of executive, and it has been working quite successfully in that country. These two forms of government have their own distinctive characteristics, and their own respective merits and demerits. Soon after the inauguration of the Republic of India on 26th January, 1950, India opted for the Parliamentary from of Government, modeled closely on the English Parliamentary system. She has adopted most of the conventions of the English system, hoping that it will work as well as in India as it has worked in England. But in recent times it has been felt that the Parliamentary form was not working well, and that a change-over to the Presidential system was urgently needed. The issue has become a matter of hot controversy, between the 'pro-changers' and "no-changers" amongst the intelligentsia, the political scientists, the jurists, the judges, the politicians, the journalists, and our highly politicized, though largely illiterate, electorate. Let us first examine the salient features of both these systems, and then form our own conclusion. In the Parliamentary system the Prime Minister and Chief Minister are totally dependent upon their respective Legislatures in the matter of the selection of Ministers. On the one hand, they are expected to select men of vision, integrity, ability, professional knowledge and practical experience. On the other, they are supposed to give adequate representation to the privileged as well as to the neglected sections of society. In case of the Centre, for instance, Prime Minister has to select her or his entire team from a small pool of 791 MP's who, in turn, are elected in most cases due to their local popularity or on account of their...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Presidential form of government Essay
  • A Form of Government for Xlandia Essay
  • Presidential Form of Government Essay
  • Presidential Form of Government Essay
  • Essay about Parliamentary and Presidential Forms of Government
  • Essay about Parliamentary and Presidential Form of Government
  • Philippine Presidential Form of Government Essay
  • Parliamentary Government vs. Presidential Government Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free