Comparing the Governments and Economies of China, India, Japan, and Korea

Topics: Japan, Republic, Political party Pages: 5 (1163 words) Published: September 1, 2014
Comparing the Governments and Economies of China, India, Japan, and Korea

The purpose of this essay is to compare and contrast the government and economies of four countries in Asia: China, India, Japan, and Korea. Topics that will be discussed are their governments, economies, resources, and citizens.

China
China, officially the People’s Republic of China, is a single-party state, meaning there is only one political party. China was founded on January 1, 1912. The per Capita GDP for the country is $5,600. The National People’s Congress elects the president (head of state), currently Hu Jintau. The president nominates the Premier (Head of Government), currently Wen Jiabao. Major political parties include the Communist Party of China. The national literacy rate is 90.9%. Also, the citizen’ roles are to follow laws and to be loyal to their country. Citizens are not allowed to vote for the president and have little say in the government.

In China, an equal amount of government and citizen control over the economy exists. The economy is driven by its major natural resources, agricultural, and industrial products. Natural resources, such as iron, steel, aluminium, coal, oil, and natural gas, exist in great quantities. Agricultural products that are in high production are rice, wheat, potatoes, sorghum, peanuts, tea, cotton, pork and fish. Industrial products, such as automobiles, steel, and energy are also produced often.

Major imports include electronics, oil, and medical equipment. Because China has a wealth of resources, the country does not need to import many products. Major exports include electronics, iron, steel, textiles, oil, plastic, and organic chemicals.

India
India, officially the Republic of India, is a federal parliamentary constitutional republic. India has many political parties, including the Indian National Congress, the Nationalist Congress Party, and the Communist Party. India was founded on August 15, 1947. The per Capita GDP for the country is $3,100. India has a president (head of state), Pranab Mukherjee, who was elected by the people. The prime minister (head of government) is Manmohan Singh. The national literacy rate is 59.5%. Also, the citizen’ roles are to follow laws and to be loyal to their country. Citizens are allowed to vote and have some say in the government.

In India, an equal amount of government and citizen control over the economy exists. The economy is driven by its major natural resources, agricultural, and industrial products. Natural resources, such as iron, bauxite, titanium, natural gas, cobalt, and mercury, exist in great quantities. Agricultural products that are in production are milk, jute, sugarcane, nuts, wheat, rice, fish, eggs, coffee, and cotton. Industrial products, such as construction materials and software, are also produced.

Major imports include crude oil, iron, steel, and machinery. Major exports include petroleum, stones, steel, and iron.

Japan
Japan is a unitary parliamentary democracy. There is only one political party: the Imperial Rule Assistance Organization. Japan was founded on May 3, 1947. The per Capita GDP for the country is $29,400. Japan has an emperor (head of state), Akihito, who was appointed based upon his relation to the previous emperor. The Prime Minister (head of government) is Shinzo Abe. Also, the citizen’ roles are to follow laws and to be loyal to their country. The national literacy rate is 99%. Citizens cannot vote, rather members of the “Diet” are allowed to vote for elections. Citizens have limited say in the government.

In Japan, there is little government control over the economy. The economy is driven by its major natural resources, agricultural, and industrial products. Mostly, the citizens control the economy. Natural resources, such as coal, limestone, zinc, copper, and gold, exist in great quantities. Agricultural products that are in production are fish, beans, peas, wheat, and potatoes. Industrial...
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