Comparing the Gospel of John vs. Mark
We can analyze the similarities and divergences between the Gospel of John and the Synoptic Gospel of Mark with Christology, Anthropology, Soteriolgy, and Eschatology. Even though many of the passages could refer to more than just one theology, it is achievable to separate the different theologies into the four categories. Regardless of how different the Gospel of John is to that of Mark, Matthew, and Luke, it can be concluded that John does have obvious relations to the Gospel of Mark, even though it was written much earlier.
Starting with Christology one can start to examine the Gospels of John and Mark, where they agree and disagree. Jesus’ proclamation of his Deity resulted in skepticism as seen in John 5:18, “calling God his own Father, thereby making himself equal to God. Jesus said to them, ‘Very truly, I tell you, the Son can do nothing on his own, but only what he sees the Father doing; for whatever the Father does, the Son does likewise”. Jesus tries to explain that even though He claims to have God as his Father and Him being equal to God, He is doing what God is calling him to do. He is doing God’s will and spreading the word of God. Similarly in Mark 2:5, when “Jesus saw their faith, he said to the paralytic, “Son, your sins are forgiven.’ Now some of the scribes were sitting there questioning and wondering, “Who can forgive sins but God alone?” Another instance of the inquiring and searching that a lot of people had towards Jesus’ teachings. Both John and Mark, depict the adversities He had to deal through his journey on Earth. A similar theme that is seen in both gospels is the way Jesus went about his ‘secret’ mission of spreading His divinity can be seen in Mark 5:40, “He took her by the hand and said to her, “Talitha come, and immediately the girl got up and began to walk about. At this they were overcome with amazement. He strictly ordered them that no one should know this, and for them to give her something to eat.” Before analyzing this passage in Mark, we must first look at John 7:10, “But after his brothers had gone to the festival, then he also went, not publicly, but as it were in secret”. Both gospels agree that Jesus was the Son of Man and was sent by his Father in Heaven to endure his journey on Earth as Christ. Jesus’ journey was full of miracles and spreading the word of God, but He did it without looking for the applause of the crowd and by not marketing Himself as some ‘magical healer’. This helped strengthen his case for being Christ, the messiah and not a miracle-working blasphemer. His secret message was simple: that He was Christ and that God sent him. Now to examine some passages where John and Mark do not see eye to eye. Starting with John 1:1, He writes that “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God.” John’s view is that Jesus is not only the messenger of the Word, but the Word as well. Compare this to Mark 1:1-2, where Mark asserts “the beginning of the good news of Jesus Christ, the Song of God. As it is written… I am sending my messenger ahead of you, who will prepare your way.” On the other hand, Mark’s view is that God sent his Son only as a messenger of the Word. Moving on to explore the Anthropology or the study of man within the two gospels. In both, the disrespect for Jesus’ miracles is depicted. This can be seen in John 8:48, “the Jews answered him, ‘are we not right in saying that you are a Samaritan and have a demon?’ Jesus answered, “I do not have a demon; but I honor my Father, and you dishonor me.” From this short verse, one can how the people Jesus was preaching too saw him only as a man who was possessed, and not as the messiah. He was being dethroned in a sense from being Christ –like, and brought down to man’s level. Jesus warns those who do not see Him as Christ in Mark 3:28, “people will be forgiven for their sins and...
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