Comparing public vs private security

Topics: Police, Constable, Crime Pages: 10 (2064 words) Published: May 26, 2014

Public Policing Versus Private Security Comparison
Alan Shank
September 9, 2013
Christopher Eberle
Public Policing Versus Private Security Comparison
Comparing public policing and private is important in the criminal justice field as the criminal justice field moves toward a future of technological changes and the desire to keep the public safe while keeping costs down. To examine these two separate areas of criminal justice they will be broken down to see how each one is structured and the primary goals for each one. Public policing and private security can be used to describe the methods that we use in the world to keep people and their goods safe. First, we will examine Private Security; in its simplest form, the term “private security” refers to the protection of people, property, and information (Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment, 2002, pp. 1253). Society recognizes that the broader role of private security is for individuals and businesses to pay a fee to protect their persons, private property, or their interests from hazards (Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment, 2002, pp. 1253). Private Security has developed throughout history along with Public Policing. Private Security has its roots in the middle ages under the system of Feudalism (Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment, 2002, pp. 1253). Land barons and kings hired retainers (infantrymen) and knights (Special Forces) for personal protection. The knights and retainers would protect the peasants and land that was under the control of the king or land baron; in exchange for this protection peasants were to swear allegiance to the higher lords (Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment, 2002, pp. 1253). Private Security stood as the primary law of the land. It was controlled by those with wealth, as the feudal system discussed here demonstrates. This system worked until populations in major cities in the United States and England expanded during the 1700 and 1800s (Roufa, n.d.). Riots and Civil unrest became common during this expansion and a call for a centralized police force to protect the citizens and to maintain order began (Roufa, n.d.). In 1829 Sir Robert Peel established the Metropolitan Police Services in London ("History of Sir Robert Peel", 2013). Public police forces initially met resistance because police forces were viewed as possibly another arm of the military (Roufa, n.d.). Peel developed seven principles of policing that are still found in the framework for police activities today ("History of Sir Robert Peel", 2013). These principles have given a framework for officers’ behaviors while on duty and aided in alleviating skepticism of the police by the public. Peel also further defined the police from the military by issuing police officers blue uniforms distinct from the bright red of the royal armed forces (Roufa, n.d.). Police officers were banned from carrying firearms in this initial incarnation of a public police force (Roufa, n.d.). Further, Private Security is the product of a company that itself is engaged in earning a profit for their services with a management structure that is more business than security at its roots (Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment, 2002, pp. 1254). Security practitioners and innovative business managers began to view the functions of security as an essential component of business. As a result, security departments were incorporated into the organizational culture of many companies, and security managers were hired to oversee the security department and work collaboratively with other department managers (Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment, 2002, pp. 1254). Policing, however, has been regarded as a public sector activity conducted by sworn officers and controlled by a government entity (Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment, 2002, pp. 1177). Public Policing developed from the increased need for public safety as populations increased and Private Security could no longer meet...

References: Cassidy, K., Brandes, R., & LaVegila, A. (1993). Finding common ground. Security
Management, 37(12): 27.
Connors, E., Cunningham, W., Ohlhausen, P., Oliver, L., & Van Meter, C. (2000). Operation
Cooperation: Guidelines for partnerships between law enforcement & private security
Policy Guide on Security. (2005). Retrieved from
Forst, B
History of Sir Robert peel. (2013). Retrieved from
Maurer, R
Stone, M. (2002). Private security. In D. Levinson (Ed.), Encyclopedia of crime and punishment. (pp. 1253-1260). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc. doi: 10.4135/9781412950664.n327
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Private vs Public Security Essay
  • Public Policing vs Private Security Research Paper
  • Public Policing vs Private Security Comparison Essay
  • Essay on Roles and Responsibilities of Public Policing vs. Private Security
  • Essay about Public Police and Private Security
  • Public Policing Versus Private Security Essay
  • Public Policing Versus Private Security Essay
  • Essay on Public Policing Versus Private Security

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free