Preview

Comparing Kant And Aristotle's Purpose

Good Essays
Open Document
Open Document
1113 Words
Grammar
Grammar
Plagiarism
Plagiarism
Writing
Writing
Score
Score
Comparing Kant And Aristotle's Purpose
Purpose is an individual’s reason that inspires them to act in order for them to achieve their objective. An individual who is deeply involved in christianity would believe that their purpose is to live a good life in order to go to heaven. Through this belief, an individual may not be actually acting morally being that their desire to be good is motivated by the purpose of going to heaven. Without this motive, someone may not be inclined to act in such a way. Kant and Aristotle both cover this idea of purpose. Aristotle believes that people's actions are governed through their desire to achieve happiness. According to Aristotle, the purpose of human life is by happiness through living your life entirely by your actions as an individual on …show more content…
Aristotle would criticize this though by finding the true meaning of what people say when they discuss religion. Aristotle would mainly focus on the virtues that are desired by the people following the religion. One of the main ideas and virtues of religion is that of faith. Faith is the complete devotion of oneself to a believe that would directly impact the way they live. While faith is a method that could lead people to living a wholesome life, Aristotle would argue that complete devotion to a something would not balance out as faith would be an excessive virtue. Aristotle believes that virtues should be learnt from habit and practice, not by instruction. By living through faith as instructed by religion a person is not living a virtuous life and therefore will not achieve happiness as a …show more content…
Duty must have moral value to it such that the reason for the action must be done because it is the right thing to do based on your own beliefs. Kant believes that the action partaken in must be a choice of freedom. He defines this freedom as acting “autonomously to act according to a law I give myself - not according to the dictates of nature or social convention” (Kant). The only moral actions are determined by the intention behind the act or the purpose of the act. In addition the act must be done in itself and not for an ulterior motive. Kant has two Categorical Imperatives that define motives, acting on a motive that can be universalized and an act such that you treat humans as ends in themselves and never as

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Aristotle’s eudaimonia (happiness) is living well and doing well in the affairs of the world. Happiness is life’s aim which like I stated before, involves both moral and intellectual arête. Aristotle states that “The happy life for a man is a life of the conscious following of a rule”. So to elaborate, a person must use their moral and intellect virtues to use good judgment to know what the right rule is, then they must follow and obey the rule even if they don’t understand the rule. So in order for us to do this we must possess moral goodness and goodness of intellect.…

    • 450 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Aristotle accepts the individual choices and experiences of people and was more concerned with virtue ethics. He doesn't have an idea of free will. Along with Socrates, Aristotle believes that someone may know what the best outcome is and still do wrong, but draws the line between happiness and moral virtue. This includes depression and unhappiness. The world has moral meaning. He explains that moral virtue does not mean the end of life. His theory is that happiness is the end of life, which comes together with reason. Virtue is a state of personality that has to do with someone’s choice.…

    • 101 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    For example, Kant would agree that if a young male holds open doors for ladies because he likes holding doors open for women, he likes the response he receives from them for holding open the door, or even feels appreciated by his peers for his manners, his actions hold no moral value. His actions are being done to make someone else fell happy.…

    • 544 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    This includes practicing good habits. Aristotle defines these good habits as virtues. There are intellectual virtues which pertain to the mind, and moral virtues based on the regular inclination to choose rightly. Aristotle values moral virtue specifically, because it plays an important part in living a good life. This is because if we make bad choices, it will not only cause us inconvenience, but the inability to live well. These choices of ours determine our ability to live well, and the development of good habits allows us to freely make decisions that can improve our…

    • 933 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Immanuel Kant states that the only thing in this world that is “good without qualification” is the good will. He states the attributes of character such as intelligence, wit, and judgment are considered good but can be used for the wrong reasons. Kant also states that the attributes of good fortune such as health, power, riches, honor, that provide one happiness can also be used in the wrong way (7). In order to understand Kant’s view of moral rightness, one must understand that only a good will is unambiguously good without qualification, it is “good in itself”. To clarify, Kant states that “a good will is good not because of what it effects or accomplishes, nor because of its fitness to attain some proposed end; it is good only through its willing, i.e. it is good in itself” (7). To Kant, a good will is the only thing that gives action moral worth. Human beings were granted with reason not only to attain self-preservation and a state of happiness, but “its true function must be to produce a will which is not merely good as a mean to some further end, but it good in itself” (9). Human beings are called to exercise reason through duty to bring a universal good to all. This duty, living according to our highest reason, must be exercised through action that is beneficial and non-contradictory to all. Duty has three major qualifications for Kant. One must recognize that duty is good in itself when an action is performed out of the need of the completion of the duty itself, such as one who abstains from supporting a large restaurant corporation that inhumanely raise cattle or poultry, because he or she recognizes that it is a duty to not perpetuate unethical practice. Or one who carefully recycles their waste not because of the pleasure of being an enlightened “green” individual, but because of the recognition that it is “good in itself” to reuse products. The second…

    • 2304 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Aristotle's theory revolves around character rather than around the actions themselves. For Aristotle, Virtue is something practiced and thereby learned - it is habit (hexis) which causes a person to choose the action that leads to flourishing in a given situation. This has clear implications for moral education, for Aristotle obviously thinks that you can teach people to be virtuous. To begin with our parents and teachers encourage us to be moral, but after some time we become a more or less instinctive moral people because doing the right thing has become second nature.…

    • 481 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Aristotle

    • 980 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Aristotle believes that there is only one goal, one ultimate end for every individual—that is eudaimonia, translated as happiness, not as a feeling but happiness as the highest human good or a life full of activity. He claims that a person should live a way of life distinct from the lives of animals, where they only live for the sake of living or pleasure.1 As human beings, people should use their power of speech to communicate and make rational decisions within a polity, striving to live their lives up to their full potential and to their full capacity for a happy life.2 The life of politics, the via activa, is thus the key to the chief good or the best life for humans; however, the life of action must be of certain type of quality, in accordance with reason, since different actions may lead to the good or the bad life. In other words, a person’s actions must be in line with arête, with virtue or excellence.3…

    • 980 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    It is clear that Aristotle thinks happiness is what every human desires. He defines happiness as the highest good (Ethics 1095a), which by definition every person pursues as an ultimate end (1094a). Furthermore, he says that happiness can only be achieved through fulfillment of our characteristic activity, which is the thing that something does which makes it be that thing; for example, the characteristic activity of a flute-player is playing the flute. The good of anything with a characteristic activity is to perform that activity well (1097b). The characteristic activity of a human, says Aristotle, is a life concerned with reason (1098a), or more specifically, the activity of a soul concerned with reason. Therefore, the good of a human is to perform this activity well; that is, to live a life in accordance with virtue. Because this is a good of the soul, and goods of the soul are the best type of good (1098b), and because achieving the good of a human is the ultimate goal of being a human, Aristotle says that a life in accordance with…

    • 1551 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    He further distinguishes that there are different types of imperatives which make us act or think the way that we do in a question of morality. These distinctions are imperatives of skill, imperatives of prudence, and imperatives of morality. Kant does recognize the imperatives of skill and prudence even though he doesn’t believe them to be intrinsically…

    • 1801 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    aristole and kant

    • 734 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Aristotle’s main argument is that happiness is the ultimate goal for humans., “Happiness depends on ourselves, more than anybody else.” Aristotle states that the end goal for all human activities is happiness. He also states that as happiness is achieved, it occurs over the course of a lifetime; like friends, wealth, and knowledge.…

    • 734 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    If we explain briefly Kant's categorical imperative, there are basically three principles that represent it. These are universal law, ends as a means and the importance of intention in conducting of human behaviour. Firstly, according to Kant, one's action should be universally valid. Universal validity means that people should think behaviours and they need to judge their own behaviours or actions are morally acceptable or not. When you think of your behaviour, if you decide that everyone acts in the same way with me, then the action become universal and moral. The second principle of categorical imperative is that people must respect others and…

    • 993 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    This is why everyone should strive to achieve the supreme Good so that we all benefit. Aristotle also talks about the different ways people see happiness. Some think that receiving honors and recognition is true happiness, but honors are actually the recognition of the good itself. He says that virtue and intelligence are only good because they result in happiness (Ross, 1998). He says that a human’s distinctive quality is their ability to rationally think.…

    • 2122 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Aristotle claims that an activity is all happiness and good for someone, what he mean is that happiness are not a position; it is a way that will continue your trough out life. To understand happiness you must also understand the human soul, Aristotle says there are three different parts, part one is the vegetative, which basically means the fact that we are living just like the vegetables. In the second part there are the rational and irrational, which we and the animals have in common and share. The third and last part is the humans, because our ability to think and reasoning. As a result Aristotle says that happiness is near the concept of deliberation which is related to the idea of the virtues, which will be described later in this paper.…

    • 580 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    We can select to live of life of virtue, which guarantees us a happy and fulfilled life. Although it is difficult to put the most focus on the intellect of the soul, it is an exceptional achievement if successful. Aristotle believes to attain happiness and become virtuous that humans must find the means between two extremes of everything in life. He states, “one should incline sometimes towards excess and sometimes towards deficiency, because in this way we shall most easily hit upon the mean” (49). For example, humans must find a balance between pleasure and pain to become a virtuous…

    • 727 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The binding trait between Kant's first and second Categorical Imperatives is the element of reason. Both reinforce Kant's opinion that people have a duty to respect rational thinking. In the first formulation, Kant instructs people to use reason for the purpose of determining if an action is moral by the standard of it being good for everyone, or if it should be applied as a universal moral law. Kant believes it is critical to determine moral laws without the consideration of the goals or outcomes…

    • 675 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays