Ancient Egypt was the birthplace of one of the world’s first civilization, which arose about 5,000 years ago. It appeared in the northeastern Africa and the Nile River was nearby. Besides, there was another civilization which is Sumerian Civilization. It was in the southern Mesopotamian, the southeastern Iraq at now. Sumerian Civilization began 3,500 B.C. until 2,000 B.C., both Egypt and Sumer were almost in same time period, but they arose independently, and didn’t contact with each other, but if we compared they, we may find some similarities and some differences.
First of all, both Ancient Egypt and Sumer had similar geographies. They were near the rivers and depended on the rivers a lot. They also had arid climates, and they were near Mediterranean Sea, and near Middle East. The Nile River, the longest river in the world, was one of the most significant impacts in Ancient Egypt, as well as today in Egypt. Because of the Nile, people could have better life even they live near the desert. The Nile River floods were predictable every year, and provided valuable moisture and silt, those were favorable for farming. Also, the Nile developed the transportation in Ancient Egypt, it was the main route. The Mesopotamia means “land between two rivers, which are the Tigris and Euphrates River, like the Nile in Egypt, it dominated the lives of human in Mesopotamia in Sumer. But the flooding in Mesopotamia was unpredictable, the melting snows for the mountains sometimes caused the river to overflow. It sometimes damaged the farms, villages, and animals, it was also dangerous for humans nearby. Anyway, these two rivers provided wealth and power to the cities. The silts from the floods were still good for farming, but unlike the Nile River, people in Mesopotamia needed to make connection between the water and farmland.
Secondly, for religions, their belief system were both powerful and anthropomorphic. They both believed in Polytheism, and that was from nature. All...
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