Compare and Contrast Rebt and Cct

Topics: Psychotherapy, Cognitive behavioral therapy, Clinical psychology Pages: 11 (3989 words) Published: May 20, 2012
The purpose of this paper is to present a brief comparison of the approach to psychotherapy using Client–centred therapy and Rational-emotive behaviour therapy. The Client–centred therapy and Rational-emotive behaviour therapy are both offspring’s of great personalities in the field of psychological therapy, Carl Ransom Rogers and Albert Ellis respectively. They were the creators of these fundamental therapeutic approaches, which proved to be of great importance in the development and evolution of counselling and psychotherapy. There are several commonalities between the two approaches of therapy and also some profound differences between them, such as nature of the therapist, aims, goals and strategies to name a few (Ziegler, 2000). What follows, is a critical account of these two therapies along with its limitations, and application of these therapies in relation to the case study of Anthony. The Rogerian approach is one of the most widely used humanistic approaches in the field of counseling and psychotherapy, it is also known as non-directive or client - centred or person - centred approach. It is called so, because the role of the expert is transferred from the therapist to the client, who is regarded as responsible for and capable of reaching his own solutions for his own problems (McLead, 1993; Nelson-Jones, 1982). The Client-centred therapy (CCT) is built on trust that an individual can set their own goals and monitor their progress towards them. It assumes that the clients are able to select their therapist, choose the frequency and length of their therapy, talk or be silent, decide what needs to be explored, achieve their insights, and be the architects of their own lives. In CCT, the therapist provides continuous and constant empathy for the client's perceptions, meanings and feelings. The other tools employed are congruence and unconditional positive regard. Rogers believes it is important for the therapist to be appreciated as a person in the relationship. This is facilitated by congruence or genuineness – the correspondence between the thoughts and behaviour of the therapist. The therapist does not put up a front or facade. Unconditional positive regard means that the therapist’s regard for the client will not be affected by client's choices, characteristics or outcomes The therapist expresses this through demonstrating empathy by reflecting a profound interest in the client's world of meanings and feelings. It works on a revolutionary hypothesis that states: a congruent therapist who provides unconditional positive regard and empathic understanding will stimulate psychotherapeutic personality change if these elements are perceived by the clients themselves (Raskin, Rogers & Witty in Corsini & Wedding, 2008), helping the clients to have a better self-concept and increasing self-esteem. Rogers believed that when clients receive congruence, unconditional positive regard and empathy their self-concepts become more positive and realistic. As a result, they become more self-expressive and self-directed, their behaviour becomes more mature and they deal better with various problems and issues in their lives. CCT is one of the most widely used models in mental health and the ethical basis of this theory is also evident in the value that it places on the human right to self-actualize (Raskin, Rogers & Witty in Corsini & Wedding, 2008). Rational-emotive behaviour therapy, is focussed on uncovering irrational believes, which can lead to unhealthy negative emotions, and replacing them with more productive and rational alternatives. REBT views human beings as being able to strive to remain alive achieving some degree of happiness and it also holds that humans are prone to adopting irrational beliefs and behaviours which stand in the way of their achieving their goals and purposes. REBT is a comprehensive active directive mode of therapy which works on the A-B-C model. Ellis assumed that when an emotional...

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