Compare and Contrast Old and New Imperialism

Topics: British Empire, Colonialism, Africa Pages: 4 (1210 words) Published: May 4, 2012
Compare and Contrast old and new imperialism

New Imperialism of the late 19th and early 20th centuries compared to Old Imperialism of the 16th and 17th centuries. Imperialism is the spread of control over territories across the globe. The Industrial Revolution and interests in nationalism created a new period of imperialism around 1750. Old imperialism lasted from 1450- 1750, but imperialism alone remained until 1914.Old imperialism and new imperialism shared the same basic concept of controlling and utilizing foreign countries. Old imperialism focused mainly on systems of trade while new imperialism took bolder steps to overtaking nations. Old Imperialism was the period from 1450-1750 -Powers were motivated by “gold, glory, and God”

-Gold referred to the wealth (precious metals and valuable merchandise) that the newly discovered lands promised to deliver -Glory described the pride a monarch of Europe felt in laying claim to new land -Gospel was a reference to the desire of European powers to 'bring heathens to Christ - Old Imperialism was driven by Mercantilism-is the economic doctrine in which government control of foreign trade is of paramount importance for ensuring the prosperity and military security of the state. In particular, it demands a positive balance of trade. New Imperialism took place from 1750-1914 -colonial expansion adopted by Europe’s powers and later Japan and the United States -During the 19th and early 20th centuries expansion took place from the French conquest of Algeria until WW1 -This period is distinguished by an unprecedented pursuit of overseas territorial acquisitions -The Berlin Conference

-organized by Bismark to provide for a more orderly conquest of Africa

Old Imperialism was the period from 1450-1750, in which powers were motivated by “gold, glory, and God”. Political power was controlled by central governments while leaders were busy trying to increase their power. National wealth was widely viewed as holder of...
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