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Scientific management (also called Taylorism, the Taylor system, or the Classical Perspective) is a theory of management that analyzes and synthesizes workflow processes, improving labor productivity. The core ideas of the theory were developed by Frederick Winslow Taylor in the 1880s and 1890s, and were first published in his monographs, Shop Management (1905) and The Principles of Scientific Management (1911). Taylor believed that decisions based upon tradition and rules of thumb should be replaced by precise procedures developed after careful study of an individual at work.
In management literature today, the greatest use of the concept of Taylorism is as a contrast to a new, improved way of doing business. In political and sociological terms, Taylorism can be seen as the division of labour pushed to its logical extreme, with a consequent de-skilling of the worker and dehumanisation of the workplace. Contents
* 1 Overview
o 1.1 General approach
o 1.2 Contributions
o 1.3 Elements
* 2 Mass production methods
o 2.1 Division of labour
* 3 Extension to "Sales Engineering"
* 4 Criticism
* 5 Legacy
* 6 Scientific management and the Soviet Union
* 7 See also
* 8 References
* 9 External links
 General approach
1. Develop a standard method for performing each job
2. Select workers with appropriate abilities for each job 3. Train workers in the standard method previously developed 4. Support workers by planning their work and eliminating interruptions. 5. Provide wage incentives to workers for increased output
* Scientific approach to business management and process improvement * Importance...
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