Preview

Compare And Contrast Neolithic And Paleolithic Civilization

Good Essays
Open Document
Open Document
876 Words
Grammar
Grammar
Plagiarism
Plagiarism
Writing
Writing
Score
Score
Compare And Contrast Neolithic And Paleolithic Civilization
Since the dawn of time, Homo Sapiens have developed and evolved in a short time, relative to Earth’s history, into a advanced and special civilization we know today as present day society. The beginnings of civilization 2.5 million years ago was known as the Paleolithic Age which ends at 12,000 BCE and leads directly into the Mesolithic Age which ends at 8,000 BCE. These two eras, Paleolithic Age and Neolithic Age, although share similar developments such as new technologies and dominion, they also differ in major new developments such as sedentary agriculture and pastoralization. When the Paleolithic (Old Stone) Age is mentioned in daily conversation, the image of the movie series Ice Age first comes into mind. However, the Old Stone Age is more than just comical megatheriums and tsundere sabertooths. To combat deadly predators such as sabertooths, humankind found out that blunt objects such as stone, bone and wood were very effective against such dangers. Other than self defense, …show more content…
The development of agriculture and pastoralization created a surplus, which created jealousy or competition among each other, leading to fights and increased tension in their societies. Farming provided a need for better technology than just stone tools, so humans thought of another great idea, and made polished stone tools. This new invention called the stone axe was necessary for the new farmers to clear away forestry surrounding their fresh fertile farmlands. With the felled trees, they used the wood to build wooden structures for their houses and canoes for transportation. For their houses, many humans in Mesopotamia and the Middle East, used mud bricks to construct villages and homes. They also used mud for making pottery to hold their crops and goods. Storage became a possibility; humans could now store food in sheds instead of icy underground

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Visualize living in an area with lots of animals and plants that people hunt and gather daily. However, over a short period of time, there was a dramatic shift from hunting and gathering to food producing. Suddenly, people’s lives start to change and different lifestyles are formed. The Paleolithic Age, also called The Old Stone Age lasted from the beginnings of human life until about 10,000 BCE. At this time, people were nomads and survived by hunting and gathering wild animals and plants. The Neolithic Age, also called The New Stone Age, was a time when humans started to cultivate crops and domesticate animals. This was also known as the Agricultural Revolution. It lasted from about 10,000 until about 40,000…

    • 1082 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    The homo erectus are the first to make a flaked stone axe, better known as the Acheulian hand axe. It was named because of the location it was found, in France. It was sharp, heavy and chipped on both sides into a point. It was able to be used for chopping, slicing, and digging. As time went on people began making polished stone axes. When the tools were polished they became stronger and made it easier to chop wood (Mahdavi). In the Middle East, there was also evidence of butchering animals and debris from making tools and ornaments. They also buried their men, women, and children which was a sign that they had affection for their people…

    • 1739 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Stone Tools

    • 721 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Stone tools and other artifacts offer evidence about how early humans made things, how they lived, interacted with their surroundings, and evolved over time.…

    • 721 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Neolithic Agricultural Revolution is what we call the transition from nomadic life to settled farm life. It had a big impact on early people and their way of life and led to the rise of cities, which in turn lead to the development of civilization.…

    • 635 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Paleolithic Innovations

    • 998 Words
    • 4 Pages

    The manufacturing of stone tools and blades was very apparent during the Upper Paleolithic The emergence of the flaking technique allowed the people of this time to “make thin, beautiful, leaf shaped points in several sizes. Some of these points were used for spear, and some perhaps for arrows, while others may have served…

    • 998 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Building on what Homo Erectus achieved before, Homo Sapiens challenged the very notion of adaptation through advanced tool use, social-cultural evolution and group dynamics. Homo Sapiens are among the first human species to overcome many of nature’s obstacles with advanced tool use. Along with the evolution of mental facilities came much technological innovation which aided the succession of the species by allowing ease of living. The invention and refinement of advanced weaponry and tools such as spears, spear throwers, axes, fishing hooks, bows and arrows with stone heads, these innovations made hunting and gathering significantly easier for Homo Sapiens. Because of these new found tools Homo Sapiens were able to gather surpluses of food and construct clothing to protect themselves from the elements by using bone needles and skins.…

    • 332 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Artifacts vs. Ecofacts

    • 669 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Showing signs that humans made contributions to these, artifacts provide us a ton of information of our ancient ancestors. The earliest known artifacts that have been found tell us that early humans have been using tools for at least 2.4 million years. The biface is the first tool design of the Acheulian era that has been discovered. At the site located in Peninj, Tanzania, phytoliths on the bifaces or handaxes were studied. Phytoliths are the botanical remains found as “mineral elements of plant cells after the rest of the plant has disinigrated” (Chazan, 2008). After the study of the phytoliths, it was suggested that the bifaces or handaxes were used for woodworking. As we build up collections of ancient tools, they give us information to about how long it took the early humans to figure out technological advances. Artifacts aren’t only tools that we have found. Artifacts can also be found in forms of “waste resulting from a manufacturing process. An example of a waste artifact is slag, a by-product of smelting ores” (Chazan, 2008). When artifacts are found, they are separated into one of three different areas of analysis by what they are made of. If there is a stone tool, it would be part of the lithic analysis group. Pottery and clay material would be sectioned to the ceramic analysis group, and…

    • 669 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    The Nile Valley

    • 339 Words
    • 2 Pages

    The Lower Paleolithic period 300,000–90,000 is the earliest occupation known in Egypt and these ancestors of humans often used a bifacial tool we call the Acheulian hand ax. It is easily recognized and examples have been recovered in many parts of the desert. From about 90,000 to 35,000 B.C., groups of Middle Paleolithic people who settled at springs in the desert and along the river left behind more sophisticated tool kits that are dominated by blades and retouched bifaces. Upper Paleolithic cultures produced tool kits composed largely of monoliths. Sites from this latter period have also yielded hearths, plant and animal remains, and a few human burials. Neolithic the earliest permanent settlements belong to this period. Their occupation is identified from the remains of huts, hearths, granaries, and nonportable stone tools for grinding grains. People had now begun to exploit domesticated plants and animals, although animal bones indicate that hunting of birds, small game, and fish continues to be important to the economy. Stone tools remain significant components of the material culture, but tools of bone and ceramic vessels are now used as…

    • 339 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    hunters and gatherers

    • 15654 Words
    • 63 Pages

    called homo. So, when we refer to hominid evolution, we are referring to the gradual…

    • 15654 Words
    • 63 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Best Essays

    Material and civilization

    • 1218 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Stone Age, Bronze Age, and Iron Age together is the three-age system prehistory. In the Stone Age, humans made tools of stone, bone, and wood for hunting: sticks, stone chisels, knives, hand axes, shovels, spears, bows and arrows, darts, needles, cones, etc. They also made bows, fish baskets, boats, etc. for hunting on sea. Humans did not have no fixed abode. They lived in caves, huts, tooth or bone leather tents, most near lakes and rivers so that they can only made use of natural material.…

    • 1218 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Best Essays
  • Good Essays

    Rome Innovations

    • 578 Words
    • 2 Pages

    The most significant innovations from the beginning of the Palaeolithic Age to the end of the Neolithic Age are; the utilization of fire, tools, potters and shelters. I will be discussing how these four innovations have been advanced through the years, and their importance in our society…

    • 578 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Metallic Minerals

    • 1755 Words
    • 8 Pages

    Evolving down the generations, man learnt to be choosy in picking up the stones; he realized that all stones are not good for his needs; he tried and erred, and through innumerable trials and errors spanning over tens and hundreds of thousands of years, finally he zeroed in on a sharp-edged hard mineral that we have named flint. With the sharp edges of flint, he could tear animals for hide and flesh; and much later, he could make knives and axes and spear heads. Flint became the backbone of economy.…

    • 1755 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    |Tools used were simple and not polished tools like hand|Specialized and increasing sharp tools made of stone, |…

    • 978 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Paleolithic Age

    • 453 Words
    • 2 Pages

    During the Paleolithic age nomads grouped together into small societies called bands. They also subsisted by gathering plants, hunting, or scavenging wild animals. They did this by using wood or bones carved to use as weapons. They started to use stones in the Neolithic so I will get to that later. Other organic commodities were adapted for use as tools also like leather or vegetable fibers. Although the Paleolithic age is part of the Stone Age nomads did not use stones until the Neolithic age; I’ll get to that now.…

    • 453 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Reading Log One, 1

    • 711 Words
    • 3 Pages

    In this book chapter Santich and Bryant looks at how our ancestors became more efficient in improving their living conditions. They described how our ancestors became builders, farmers and innovators from hunters and gatherers. The discovery of fire and how they embedded fire in their daily lives, be it for cooking, light source, safety, warmth or even social gatherings has played a huge role at that time to create a safer and comfortable environment. Next, they described how the Neolithic Revolution signalled the transformation of hunting and gathering to agriculture. The patterns of immigration slowed down and they remained in an area. Permanent housing was a necessity in settled societies. Sturdy homes from sun-hardened clay ensured that they need not depend on temporary living quarters.Agricultural knowledge was spread around the world. Sedentary societies expanded farm sizes and began animal domestication. However there were challenges in an agricultural society. Issues such as malnutrition (insufficient protein intake), diseases (improper waste disposal) and risk of famine arose. These were issues affecting their life span. Although religion helped assured a successful harvest as they looked onto deities.However, valuable knowledge was gained through hardships. “All these challenges, however, simply spurred them on toward the development of more advanced innovations.” (Santich and Bryant 2008, 15) Storing grain for lean periods, farming tools (sickles and digging sticks) and fertilization (manure from domesticated animals).The text by Santich and Bryant is important because it illustrates how the human race has evolved…

    • 711 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays