Mesopotamian religion saw humans as the servants of the gods, who had to be appeased for protection. Egyptians believed that the gods created all humans but were also controlled by the principle of maat, or order. Unlike followers of Mesopotamian religion, the Egyptians had a strong belief in the afterlife, which they expressed by building elaborate tombs such as the pyramids. The Sumerian afterlife involved a descent into a gloomy netherworld to spend eternity in a wretched existence as a Gidim (ghost). Egyptians believed that their gods had created Egypt as a sort of refuge of good and order in a world filled with chaos and disorder. The major god for much of Mesopotamia was the sky god Enlil; later th e worship of Enlil was replaced by the worship of the Babylonian god Marduk. For Egyptians, Amen-Ra was the most powerful deity, chief of the pantheon. Statues of winged bulls were a protective symbol related to the god Sin Mesopotamia, while the ankh, a kind of cross with a loop at the top, was a prominent representation of life in ancient Egypt. The Enuma Elish tells the Mesopotamian story of creation and explains how Marduk became the chief of the gods. The Egyptian Book of the Dead was a guide for the dead, setting out magic spells and charms to be used to pass judgment in the afterlife. Ancient Nippur was the site of the chief temple to Enlil, while Babylon was the location of Marduk's sanctuary. Thebes and the temple complex of Karnak were home to the worship of Amen- Ra. In the modern world the remains of these early religions can be seen in Egypt's pyramids, tombs for the pharaohs, and in Mesopotamia's ziggurats, temples to the gods. The New Year's Festival was a major event in Mesopotamian religion, while Egypt's most important festival was Opet. Because Egypt was the "gift of the Nile" and generally prosperous and harmonious, Egyptian gods tended to reflect a positive religion with an emphasis on a positive afterlife. In contrast, Mesopotamian religion
October 10th, 1994
Mesopotamia, Egypt and the Hebrews
Their development from the 3rd millennium to 2nd C.E.
When the canonization of the Hebrew Holy ("TaNaKh") took place.
Mesopotamia was the land of four primary civilizations: the Sumerian, the Akkadians, the Babylonian and the Assyrians. The Hebrews, like the Akkadians, belong to a group of people known as Semites and from there we can see the influence of Mesopotamian….
Mesopotamia, Egypt and Hebrews
Mesopotamia and Egypt are known as the “place of the first civilization” followed by the Hebrews. These three societies traded extensively, but there was a difference in economic area. Mesopotamia was more productive of technological improvements, because their environment was more difficult to manage than the Nile valley. Trade contacts were more extensive, and the Mesopotamians gave attention to a merchant class and commercial law. Priests were part of the….
Egypt and Mesopotamia compare and contrast
Through history there have been many different civilizations, a civilization develops, political, social, economical agriculture and religious aspects. Mesopotamia and Egypt are two different civilizations but still share some characteristics, because all humans have needs to solve, but each civilization adapts their own way of living.
Where there is water there is life,, that is the reason why Mesopotamia and Egypt were born next to a river. Mesopotamia….
Compare & Contrast Essay
Mesopotamia and Egypt
By: Jessenia Carranza
Egypt and Mesopotamia are similar because they share the same concept of having a single rule, although Egypt is a theocracy and Mesopotamia is a monarchy; and both are divided into social classes, the difference being that women in Egypt have more right than Mesopotamia.
Mesopotamia and Egypt are both based upon a single ruler. The Akkedians, for example, had king Sargen, who formed the first empire; or even Hammurabi….
Egypt developed around the Nile River, while Mesopotamia developed between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Egypt and Mesopotamia grew into complex civilizations. Politically, both Egypt and Mesopotamia had a government with one main ruler, but Egypt had a centralized government with a pharaoh, while Mesopotamia had a decentralized government with a king. Socially, both civilizations were patriarchal, but Egypt was more lenient towards women while Mesopotamia was stricter. The political and social….
September 24, 2012
Compare and Contrast Essay
Egypt and Mesopotamia were the first river valley civilizations in 3500 B.C.E. They were both similar intellectually, because they both developed written language, and a similar alphabet. They were also similar religiously, because they both were polytheistic and believed their gods ruled them. Mesopotamia and Egypt were different with their achievements, because over time they gained knowledge of things that helped their civilizations….
systems of Mesopotamia and Egypt have many similarities and differences. They vary in the way of how their kingdoms changed over time. However they are the same in their rulers.
In both Mesopotamia and Egypt they were ruled by kings. How they got to be ruled by a king are different. Mesopotamia was at first ruled by a priest, but the farmers began warring over land. So military leaders tool over as kings. While the Egyptians always had a king.
One difference between Mesopotamia and Egypt is the….
World Civilization 110-29
21 September 2006
Compare and Contrast: Mesopotamia and Egypt
In the time of the agricultural age, two civilizations arose out of the plenteous food and raging waters. These two early civilizations were Mesopotamia and Egypt. Although many similarities can be drawn between the two, they each proved to be very different from each other in social, political, and religious systems as well as their stability and defeat.
One factor they did have in….
The compare and contrast for Mesopotamia and Egypt. The Mesopotamians and Egytians had many things in alike and unalike. From Ruleings to the building and much more.
They both made buildings with similarities and diffrences. Some were the temples they made. They were for religious belief. The Eumerians made holds with walls, while Egypt had villages.They both also had water sourses near by.
The religion had alike and diffrent ideas. Both had rulers who were related to religiouse beliefs. While….
From 3500-1500 BCE, Mesopotamia and Egypt emerged as two of the first river- valley civilizations. Although they came to be around the same time, they became different in their cultural aspects, such as universal views and classes, and economies due to differences in commerce.
Both Mesopotamia and Egypt have different universal views, which then affected their culture. The Tigris and Euphrates rivers of Mesopotamia have unpredictable flood patterns. This affected their view of the universe because….