Non-literary text forms an independent part of a publication .Non-literary texts are informational writing: factual material, informational explanations, newspaper articles, textbooks, journal and diary entries, and so forth that are published in newspapers, Informative magazines current affairs news and educative articles. Non-literary composition uses facts and figures to proof a point. Examples of non-literary texts are personal diaries, current affairs news, journals, text books and articles. Non-literary composition is written objectively. In contrast, literary texts are fictional compositions based on the artist’s will and imaginations and are therefore subjective. Poetry, novels, short stories and dramas are written in a particular way, and this is referred to as literary text. In literary texts, authors creatively create feelings and ideas to entertain their audiences. Examples of literary texts are poems, short stories and dramas.
They have been described as “the best words in the best order”.
The use of sound of words make poems sound like songs when read aloud. Poems have a particular appearance that shows they are poems before even reading the words. Poems have shorter lines than most sorts of writings.
Language features refer to the sound of the language in literature, the use of specific vocabulary to describe and clarify the literature or anything used in storytelling to draw the reader’s attention. Language features are the ways in which spoken, written and visual texts are shaped according to personal, historical, cultural, social and workplace contexts. Language features can be everything that the artist-writer uses with particular artistic intentions that is employed in literature and storytelling. Language features of poems are art form that expresses ideas through language, which can be recognized, identified, interpreted and analysed. Literary language features are the means authors use to create meaning through language, and that readers use to understand and appreciate their works. The language features employed in literary prose are written deliberately in a more stylized manner to "flow" or "sing" without actually being poetry. In comparing the language features of the poem with the newspaper article, the poem uses literary devices which have different meanings and that allow the reader to interpret. This is because poems have a regular rhythm and repeated lines, words or sounds. However, the author of the news paper article uses words for easy interpretation and understanding, because the messages he is conveying to his readers are facts with figures. No-literary texts are explicit in nature, in that they are written to educate and inform his readers using convincing and/or persuasive language. In the article, for example, the author’s constant uses of question marks invite the readers’ involvement. The author of the news paper article is a third party; this is because he is reporting somebody’s research work to his readers. Whereas Duff, the author of the poem uses first personal pronoun in every sentence to show that it is her own piece of creative work. In respective of the language features used in both texts, the authors communicated their messages to their respective readers.
A poem and an article show similarities in language features employed in their construction. They are also written composition to attract readers. Both poem and article make use of language features to make their readers understand them and appreciate their work. However, the sound of the word or language used in building a poem to impart the reader’s mind makes a poem different from an article. The use of metaphors, alliterations to describe objects make poems emotional, creative and appealing also differentiate a poem from an article. Article on the other hand, make clear, accurate and straight forward sentences to put their messages across .Articles are different from poems in that, articles can have as...
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