Gabriella LoBue May 14, 2013 Mrs. McAulay
The Aztec and Inca Empires arose 1000 to 1500 century C.E. in Mesoamerica and South America. The Aztecs arrived in central Mexico approximately the fifteenth century. The Incas settled in the region around Lake Titicaca about mid-thirteenth century and by the late fifteenth century, the Incas had built an enormous empire stretching more the 4,000 kilometers. Both empires were enormous, the Incan Empire ended up being the largest state in South America. Neither empire had developed a written language, but they did come up with a way to remember things and keep records. They did both build temples to worship their gods and roads were built too. The political systems and cultural structures of both regions helped them to prosper and become empires. When the Aztecs arrived in central Mexico they settled on an island in a marshy region of Lake Texcoco and founded Tenochtitlan, which would become their capital. The lake harbored plentiful supplies of fish, frogs, and waterfowl. Lake Texcoco also enabled the Aztecs to develop the productive style of agriculture called chinampas. Through a triple alliance with Texcoco and Tlacopan, tribute was extracted from the people. The Aztecs received food crops and manufactured items from the nearby peoples. Tribute obligations were sometimes very oppressive for subjects. Along with the success of the chinampas, the Aztecs developed a system of writing based on symbols. The Aztec social structure was based fully on warrior elites. The Aztecs looked upon all males as potential warriors and showered the military elites with wealth and honor. The Aztecs also performed bloodletting rituals to the war god. These rituals involved human sacrifices. These rituals were also why priests played a big part in these rituals and that maybe why the played such a key part...
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