English 1(semester 2)
July 18, 2014
Analyzing Seminal Texts
President Abraham Lincoln’s, “Address delivered at the Dedication of the Cemetery at Gettysburg” and Pericles “Funeral oration”, speakers acknowledge the deceased as well as there honor. Although there’s a significant length difference in both speeches, “Address Delivered at the Cemetery at Gettysburg” and "Pericles funeral oration" Pericles expresses to his audience on ways to cope with the pain from those sacrificed on the battle-field. While Lincoln focuses on the ways we should live up to, recommending to those still living that they should cease the opportunity they have and take it upon themselves to accomplish the unfinished work of those who’s last breath was taken for the sake of their country. Both Pericles and Lincoln both show their knowledge of rhetorical devices using it to convey their overall message to their audience.
Lincoln starts off his speech with our Founders, "Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent." Lincoln is very poetic and delicate. Here he uses rhetorical devices such as antithesis, repetition, and alliteration to shed massive appeal to the audience. Later Lincoln focuses on talking to the weary eyed people on there duty as a family, ‘It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced." Lincoln uses repetition, "we can not dedicate -- we can not consecrate -- we can not hallow -- this ground." Along with alliteration, he states, “poor powers”, he uses antithesis when contrasting two opposites, life and death, "The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract.” Lincoln influences American citizens to live up to the deceased unfinished work. That there death was not in vain but of extreme importance, brimming with honor and glory, “It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us—that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion—that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain—that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom—and that government: of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.” Lincoln admires the urgent task of revealing the deeds of the great American soldiers.
Pericles emphasizes, on grieving and on ways to cope with the loss, “Congratulate yourselves that you have been happy during the greater part of your days; remember that your life of sorrow will not last long, and be comforted by the glory of those who are gone. For the love of honor alone is ever young, and not riches, and some say, but honor is the delight of men when they are old and useless." Pericles is speaking for those in woe to remember the days of the glory of those who fought on the battlefield, and that the “love of honor alone is very young”; therefore referring that there honor may be forgotten. “And not riches, and some say, but honor is the delight of men when they are old and useless.” The implication is that rather than riches at an old age honor is more of a delight. Pericles mentions those before him who built Athens from the ground up furthermore mentions the glory of Athens and how they fled from dishonor. "I shall begin with our ancestors: it is both just and proper that they should have the honor of the first mention on an occasion like the present". "Thus choosing to die resisting, rather than to live submitting, they fled only from dishonor, but met danger face to face". Pericles drowns Athens in praise of their city that Athena is the pedestal of their city and the honor is built up by the valor of men.
Lincoln and Pericles both start there opening statements with addressing their...
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