Comparative Between Confucius and Daoism

Topics: Chinese philosophy, Tao Te Ching, Confucius Pages: 18 (5503 words) Published: February 6, 2013
Conflict Resolution & Negotiation (Volume 2011 Issue 4)111 Please cite as Low K.C.P. (2011) ‘Confucianism Versus Taoism’, Conflict Resolution & Negotiation Journal, Volume 2011, Issue 4, p. 111 - 127 Confucianism Versus Taoism Prof. Dr. Patrick Low Kim Cheng Ph.D. & Chartered Marketer, Certified MBTI Administrator, & Certified Behavioral Consultant/ Universiti Brunei Darussalam; Associate, University of South Australia About the Author Prof. Dr. Patrick Low Kim Cheng, Ph.D. (South Australia), Chartered Marketer, Certified MBTI Administrator, & Certified Behavioral Consultant (IML, USA), brings with him more than 20 years of combined experience from sectors as diverse as the electronics, civil service, academia, banking, human resource development and consulting. His MNC and local corporate clients from ASEAN, Sri Lanka, Hong Kong, Bangladesh and Kazakhstan are in manufacturing, electronics, IT, retail, engineering services, hospitals, hotels, banks & financial institutions as well as the public sector. The once Visiting Professor, Graduate School of Business, Universiti of Malaya (Jan to Feb 2007), Prof. Dr. Low was the Deputy Dean, Postgraduate Studies & Research, teaching in Universiti Brunei Darussalam (2009). He teaches the graduate students/ MBA in Organisational Behavior, Managing Negotiations, Leadership and Change Management, and the undergraduates in Leadership Basics, Challenging Leadership, Business and Society, Issues in Organizational Leadership, Organization Analysis & Design; and Organization Development & Change. The former Associate Dean, Director of Career Services and Chair of the Management and Marketing Department of a University in Kazakhstan (2004 to 2006) focuses on human resource management and behavioral skills training covering areas like negotiation/ influencing, leadership and behavioral modification.

An academician-practitioner, a prolific author (author of twelve books including bestsellers (Strategic Customer Management, 2006, 2002, 2000 – one of Borders’ top ten in 2001/2, Sales Success, 2006, 2003; Team Success, 2003 and The Power of Relationships, 2001). His most recent books include Successfully Negotiating In Asia (Springer, 2010) and

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Conflict Resolution & Negotiation (Volume 2011 Issue 4)112 Corporate Culture and Values – Perceptions of Corporate Leaders of Cooperatives in Singapore (VDM-Verlag, 2009). A business coach, Prof. Dr. Low is the founder of BusinesscrAFT™ Consultancy and he previously served as an Examiner for University of South Australia’s DBA and Ph.D. candidates (2003 to October 2006); presently, he has been appointed as the supervisor for its DBA candidates. Besides his experience in academia, training and consulting, Prof. Dr. Patrick Low has held positions in regional human resource development (HRD). He has been the Senior Training Manager (Asia Pacific Region) in Standard Chartered Bank where he was responsible for regional management training and development, marketing of HRD services and management succession. He can be contacted at

Confucianism Versus Taoism Abstract: In this paper, the practitioner-academician makes comparisons and contrasts between the two great philosophical bodies (or oldest religious traditions) of China, that is, Confucianism and Taoism. Among other things, the key commonalities of Confucianism and Taoism include being in pursuit of the Tao, close to nature and harmony, and taking the right actions are critical than just the belief(s). The key differences are also examined here, and these, among other things, include human living and spirituality, and filial piety and nature as well as rites and beyond rites.



Confucianism and Taoism do not have a specific founder or date of founding, even though one of them (Confucianism) appears to be named after an individual, K’ung Fu Tzu or Confucius in English. Confucius was born...

References: Confucius (1915) (Contributors: Dawson, Miles Menander) The ethics of Confucius: The sayings of the Master and his disciples upon the conduct of “The Superior Man”. G. P. Putnam’s Sons: New York.
Fung, Y. L. (1948) A short history of Chinese philosophy, The Free Press: New York.
Lau, D. C. (1979) Confucius - The Analects (Lun Yu), The Penguin Books: England.
McDonald, J. H. (translator) (2009) Tao Te Ching, Arcturus Publishing Limited: China.
Towler, S. (2002) CHI energy of harmony, MQ Publications Ltd.: China.
Towler, S. (2002a) CHI energy of happiness, MQ Publications Ltd.: China.
Wu, John C. H. (1990) Tao teh ching, Shambala Publications, Inc.: USA.
Yu Dan (2009) Confucius from the heart, Pan Books: UK
Websites Accessed on 7 January 2011.
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