community essay

Topics: African American, Southern United States, Jim Crow laws Pages: 6 (1598 words) Published: April 14, 2014
 Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. civil rights movement is a major reason why the black and white communities as a nation have a better working relationship today then the mid-19th century. I believe Dr. King’s fight for equal rights in the African American community allowed for a better nation and union today between black and white communities then there were in the early 19th century. In the 19th century the African American communities experience, separate drinking fountains, couldn't sit at same lunch counters as white people, had to sit at the back of the bus, segregated from schools, random beatings, tired black people, especially black men, for crimes for which they could not conceivably have committed, lynching’s, and Jim crow laws. Finally I will show through Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. efforts and the road through Birmingham which brought forth the Civil Rights Act that made our nation and communities equal. Dr. King civil rights movement had many key moments but one that stands out which helped black and white communities becomes equal was a demonstration held in Birmingham Alabama. This demonstration included children and the idea was to provoke mass arrests and create a situation so crisis packed that it would inevitably open the door to negotiation. During the protests, the police used high-pressure water jets and police dogs against the children. Video of the police response was aired on national television and dominated the nation's attention, shocked the nation and grabbed many white Americans attention while consolidating black Americans behind the movement. Dr. King was put in jail and responded to some fellow clergymen who called for a different type of unity than the one Dr. King was leading. We are now confronted by a series of demonstrations by some our Negro citizens, directed and led in part by outsiders. We recognize the natural impatience of people who feel that their hopes are slow in being realized. But we are convinced that these demonstrations are unwise and untimely. (Clergymen of Alabama. (1963). A call for unity.) The clergymen felt that the demonstrations where unwise and untimely. The clergymen sought honest open negotiation of racial issues and they truly felt that many of the issues could be address in their area through courts and negotiations among their local leaders. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. made clear his intentions to create equal rights for all in his Letter from Birmingham Jail. In the letter he outlines the many injustices that Blacks faced in the south, especially in Birmingham. The letter was written on April 16th 1963 after Dr. King read in a paper that the demonstrations where unwise and untimely. While confined here in the Birmingham city jail, I came across your recent statement calling my present activities “unwise and untimely”. We have waited for more than 340 years for our constitutional and God-given rights. The nations of Asia and Africa are moving with jet-like speed toward gaining political independence, but we still creep at horse-and-buggy pace toward gaining a cup of coffee at a lunch counter. Perhaps it is easy for those who have never felt the stinging darts of segregation to say, ”Wait.” (King Jr., M. (1963). Letter from Birmingham Jail). I believe Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. wrote this letter to the clergymen because he truly felt that they were men of god and truly interested in solving an issue in their community that plagued so many African Americans. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. explains why he went to Birmingham Alabama. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was the president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (an organization operating in every southern state) and this community stretches across most of the south including Birmingham Alabama. Community doesn’t always mean where your home is...
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