BACKGROUND AND SETTING OF THE COMMUNITY
A. Historical Background
Before the outbreak of World War II, Buhangin was then a sitio of Barangay Tigatto. Speculations about the name “Buhangin” was taken from the people who were prominent early settlers along the Davao River that passes through the areas of Buhangin, Tigatto, and Mandug. It was noted in most probability that early occupants either walked on sand and gravel or that these were piled up in the site that is now called Buhangin. “Buhangin” is a Tagalog word but can also be a Dabawenyo term. It is recognized that Dabawenyos were more likely mixed with Tagalog during the early times because the pioneers came from different places of the Philippines. Historically, the first families that settled in Buhangin were more of Ilocano and Tagalog roots such as Abrina, Arconel, Sarusad, Eligino, Quinones, Saguid, Carpio, Nartates, Insik “Teban” Apada, Ingan, Canete, Dalisay, and Salvador. School of thoughts today believe that indeed Buhangin was renamed after the big Davao River. “Buhangin” or “balas” in the Visayan term was passed from one mouth to another, and was adapted by the leaders, and is unchanged until today. By this virtue, and by unanimous acceptance, Buhangin was since then listed officially in the map of Davao City. During the American liberation in 1945, the sitio of Buhangin significantly increased in popularity due to its accessibility, being the only way then, connecting the countryside of the northern area and the main streets going downtown or anywhere else. Thus, Buhangin became more famous than Tigatto. Due to population increase, large income, and big land area, it acquired its status of a barangay with 69 puroks including Purok Mahayag.
B. Physical Description of the Area
Barangay Buhangin Proper is 752.85 hectares in land area, and is located beside the Carlos P. Garcia Highway. Due to the location of the barangay, commercial lands with business establishments are numerous, especially when the area is directly facing the highway. Though commercialization has infiltrated the barangay, the residential areas are still visible and increasing in number as the barangay is entered.
Barangay Buhangin Proper is an enclosed area bounded by the Carlos P. Garcia Highway, and numerous residential lands on its northern borders. On its eastern borders are the Davao River and more residential lands and subdivisions. The Buhangin-Cabantian-Indangan Highway demarcates the eastern boundaries of the barangay, while the J.P. Laurel area and Southern Philippines Medical Center are a few of the landmarks seen north of it.
Barangay Buhangin is an urban area, with different kinds of soil found within it. Besides the cemented or paved roads and walkways, loam and sand are the soil types commonly seen right beside these developed pathways.
Agriculture in Barangay Buhangin is nearly absent, besides the small patches of vacant lots that were planted with a few vegetables and root crops like “kamote”.
The climate in Barangay Buhangin is mostly warm and sunny with occasional rain and is not far from the typical Philippine climate.
Map 1.1: Barangay Buhangin Proper
Map 1.2: Purok Mahayag (Barangay Health Station Map)
Map 1.3: Purok Mahayag (Satellite Overview)
Population Size and Distribution
Purok Mahayag has 330 households and a population of 1361. 140 houses were visited, however, only 75 households responded, with a total of 271 individuals. The rest of the households that were not interviewed either did not have their parents or adults around because of work, or the area was rented by a business establishment and the people in it were mere tenants or workers.
Age and Sex Distribution
Graph 2.1: Age and Sex Distribution of Purok Mahayag
The population of Purok Mahayag...
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